Freestyle Skiing

Facts

Discipline of Skiing
Participants 916
NOCs 46
Competitions held 57 (Venues)
Distinct events 23
IF International Ski & Snowboard Federation, International Ski & Snowboard Federation

Description

Freestyle skiing developed out of ski acrobatics, which started in the 1930s in the United States. It became popular in the 1960s, with the first formal competitions starting at Waterville Valley, New Hampshire, in the USA.

Freestyle skiing was first held at the 1988 Winter Olympics as a demonstration sport. In 1992, moguls was contested as a full-medal sport in Albertville, with aerials and ballet contested as demonstration events. Freestyle has become a very popular spectator sport at the Olympics, and the program has expanded to now include aerials, moguls, ski-cross, halfpipe, and slopestyle events for both men and women. Beijing 2022 brought the first big air event for both men and women, and the first mixed aerials team event. Ballet was never contested as a medal sport at the Olympics, and international competition in that event basically stopped after 2000.

Canada leads the medal table, followed closely by the United States. American David Wise and Canadian Alex Bilodeau lead the gold medal count, both with two gold medals. Wise has a total of three medals at the Olympics, the same number as Canadian Mikaël Kingsbury, Chinese Jia Zongyang and American Nick Goepper. Eileen Gu, of China, is the only female freestyle skier with two gold medals. Gu has also won three medals in freestyling, the same number as her compatriot Xu Mengtao, Norwegian Kari Traa, and Swiss skier Mathilde Gremaud.

Freestyle is considered a discipline of the sport of skiing by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and, as such, it is governed internationally by the Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS), which has 136 member nations as of 2022. The FIS was founded on 2 February 1924, during the Chamonix Olympics. It succeeded the Internationale Skikommission (CIS), which was formed on 18 February 1910, in Christiania (today Oslo). FIS not only governs freestyle skiing, but also Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, Nordic combined, ski jumping, and snowboarding.

All-time medal table

Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Canada CAN 12 12 6 30
United States USA 11 13 9 33
Switzerland SUI 6 3 4 13
People's Republic of China CHN 5 8 4 17
Australia AUS 4 3 2 9
Norway NOR 4 2 4 10
Belarus BLR 4 2 2 8
France FRA 3 6 6 15
Sweden SWE 2 1 3 6
Finland FIN 1 2 1 4
Ukraine UKR 1 1 0 2
Japan JPN 1 0 4 5
New Zealand NZL 1 0 1 2
Czechia CZE 1 0 0 1
Uzbekistan UZB 1 0 0 1
Russian Federation RUS 0 1 3 4
Austria AUT 0 1 0 1
Germany GER 0 1 0 1
Unified Team EUN 0 1 0 1
ROC ROC 0 0 5 5
Estonia EST 0 0 1 1
Great Britain GBR 0 0 1 1
Kazakhstan KAZ 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Switzerland SUI 3 0 1 4
United States USA 2 4 3 9
People's Republic of China CHN 2 2 0 4
Austria AUT 2 0 1 3
Canada CAN 2 0 1 3
Czechia CZE 1 2 1 4
Russian Federation RUS 1 1 2 4
Sweden SWE 1 1 2 4
Great Britain GBR 1 1 1 3
Norway NOR 1 1 1 3
Finland FIN 1 1 0 2
Estonia EST 1 0 0 1
New Zealand NZL 0 1 2 3
Australia AUS 0 1 1 2
France FRA 0 1 1 2
Belgium BEL 0 1 0 1
Germany GER 0 1 0 1
Ukraine UKR 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
David Wise USA 2 1 0 3
Eileen Gu CHN 2 1 0 3
Alex Bilodeau CAN 2 0 0 2
Xu Mengtao CHN 1 2 0 3
Mikaël Kingsbury CAN 1 2 0 3
Kari Traa NOR 1 1 1 3
Mathilde Gremaud SUI 1 1 1 3
Janne Lahtela FIN 1 1 0 2
Jennifer Heil CAN 1 1 0 2
Dale Begg-Smith AUS 1 1 0 2
Oleksandr Abramenko UKR 1 1 0 2
Kelsey Serwa CAN 1 1 0 2
Qi Guangpu CHN 1 1 0 2
Hanna Huskova BLR 1 1 0 2
Justine Dufour-Lapointe CAN 1 1 0 2
Marielle Thompson CAN 1 1 0 2
Cassie Sharpe CAN 1 1 0 2

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Eileen Gu CHN 2 1 0 3
Kiernan Fagan USA 1 1 0 2
Madison Rowlands GBR 1 0 1 2
Kai Mahler SUI 1 0 0 1
Lisi Gram AUT 1 0 0 1
Lana Prusakova ROC
RUS
1 0 0 1
Talina Gantenbein SUI 1 0 0 1
Marie Krista SUI 1 0 0 1
Kelly Sildaru EST 1 0 0 1
Andrew Longino CAN 1 0 0 1
Matěj Švancer AUT
CZE
1 0 0 1
Erik Wahlberg SWE 1 0 0 1
Michaela Heider AUT 1 0 0 1
Niki Lehikoinen FIN 1 0 0 1
Reece Howden CAN 1 0 0 1
Birk Ruud NOR 1 0 0 1
Birk Irving USA 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Moguls Men 10
Aerials Men 10
Ski Cross Men 4
Halfpipe Men 3
Slopestyle Men 3
Big Air Men 1
Moguls Women 10
Aerials Women 10
Ski Cross Women 4
Halfpipe Women 3
Slopestyle Women 3
Big Air Women 1
Team Aerials Mixed 1
Ski Cross Boys 3
Halfpipe Boys 3
Slopestyle Boys 2
Big Air Boys 1
Ski Cross Girls 3
Halfpipe Girls 3
Slopestyle Girls 2
Big Air Girls 1
Ballet Men 2
Ballet Women 2