Finland

Overview

NOCSuomen Olympiakomitea
Flagbearers88

Participants

Olympic Games 2400
Intercalated Games 4
Youth Olympic Games 163

Description

Finland first competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens and also appeared two years later at the 1908 London Olympics. Its first Olympic Winter Games appearance was in 1924 at Chamonix although it had two skaters entered in the figure skating events in 1920). Since those dates Finland’s participation has been continuous, never missing an Olympic Games nor an Olympic Winter Games. Finland’s greatest successes have come in the distance running events in the Summer Games. In those events, led by Hannes Kolehmainen, Paavo Nurmi, and Lasse Virén, Finland has been the preeminent nation, until the recent advent of the African distance runners. Prior to World War II, Finland was also the dominant nation in wrestling. In the Winter Games, Finland has excelled at Nordic skiing and, in the early Games, at speed skating. Finland hosted the Games of the XVth Olympiad in Helsinki in 1952, and Lahti and Tampere have both bid unsuccessfully to host the Olympic Winter Games. Through 2016, Finland has won 473 Olympic medals, 148 of them gold. Of these, 161 medals, and 42 gold, were won at the Olympic Winter Games. Nurmi has been their greatest Olympian, with 12 medals and nine golds.

In 1941 the Olympic Committee of Finland was awarded with the Olympic Cup.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 4 0 4 Results
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 62 0 62 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 162 2 164 Results
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 62 1 63 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 121 0 121 Results
1924 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 16 1 17 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 67 2 69 Results
1928 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 17 1 18 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 40 0 40 Results
1932 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 0 7 Results
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 103 5 108 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 19 0 19 Results
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 126 6 132 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 24 0 24 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 228 30 258 Results
1952 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 45 5 50 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 63 1 64 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 27 4 31 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Olympic Games 7 0 7 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 107 10 117 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 42 6 48 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 84 5 89 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 45 6 51 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 60 6 66 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 44 8 52 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 89 7 96 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 43 7 50 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 77 6 83 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 38 9 47 Results
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 99 6 105 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 44 8 52 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 73 13 86 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 40 5 45 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 59 19 78 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 46 7 53 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 60 28 88 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 49 13 62 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 47 14 61 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 47 29 76 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 51 34 85 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 40 30 70 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 62 36 98 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 36 17 53 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 59 31 90 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 31 26 57 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 11 8 19 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 58 33 91 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 29 27 56 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 29 7 36 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 8 6 14 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 66 33 99 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 26 28 54 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 31 11 42 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 59 37 96 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 36 16 52 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 17 5 22 Results
Archery 13 8 21 Results
Art Competitions 11 1 12 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 96 15 111 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 1 1 Results
Athletics 401 85 486 Results
Badminton 6 2 8 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 22 0 22 Results
Biathlon 45 15 60 Results
Boxing 59 1 60 Results
Canoe Marathon (Canoeing) 11 0 11 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 40 4 44 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 115 52 167 Results
Curling 8 1 9 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 35 3 38 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 19 2 21 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 22 3 25 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 1 8 9 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 13 1 14 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 9 0 9 Results
Fencing 24 6 30 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 8 12 20 Results
Football (Football) 51 0 51 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 21 1 22 Results
Golf 2 2 4 Results
Hockey 11 0 11 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 227 65 292 Results
Judo 15 7 22 Results
Military Ski Patrol (Skiing) 4 0 4 Results
Modern Pentathlon 29 0 29 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 51 0 51 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 4 4 Results
Rowing 66 3 69 Results
Sailing 119 16 135 Results
Shooting 117 11 128 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 61 1 62 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 19 9 28 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 50 9 59 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 45 31 76 Results
Table Tennis 1 0 1 Results
Taekwondo 1 3 4 Results
Tennis 5 0 5 Results
Weightlifting 36 2 38 Results
Wrestling 168 1 169 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Athletics 3 0 3 Results
Wrestling 1 0 1 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 2 1 3 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 4 4 8 Results
Archery 1 2 3 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 1 2 3 Results
Athletics 6 1 7 Results
Badminton 1 1 2 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 2 0 2 Results
Biathlon 7 7 14 Results
Boxing 1 0 1 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 7 7 14 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 2 3 5 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 4 2 6 Results
Golf 1 1 2 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 52 1 53 Results
Mixed Sports 5 6 11 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 4 1 5 Results
Sailing 1 2 3 Results
Shooting 2 0 2 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 6 3 9 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 4 4 8 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 6 2 8 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 3 4 7 Results
Wrestling 0 1 1 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 15 10 9 34
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 14 13 10 37
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 10 8 6 24
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 8 9 26
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 8 8 9 25
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 8 6 6 20
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 3 13 22
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 5 8 12 25
1924 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 4 3 11
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 3 6 13
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 2 6 12
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 2 1 7
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 2 0 6
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 1 2 7
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 4 3 10
1952 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 4 2 9
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 1 7
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 11 15
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 4 8
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 4 8
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 3 7
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 0 2 5
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 4 6 12
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 4 1 7
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 3 8
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 2 0 4
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 2 1 1 4
1928 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 5 3 9
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 2 6
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 1 5
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 3 6
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 2 5
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 2 5
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 1 4
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 1 4
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 2 0 3
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 4 6
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 3 5
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 3 5
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 2 4
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 2 4
1932 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 6 3 9
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 4 1 5
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 1 3
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 0 2
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 1 6 7
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 5 6
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 4 5
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 0 2 2
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 48 36 30 114
Wrestling 26 28 29 83
Cross Country Skiing 21 25 34 80
Ski Jumping 10 8 4 22
Artistic Gymnastics 8 5 12 25
Speed Skating 7 8 9 24
Nordic Combined 4 8 2 14
Shooting 4 7 10 21
Rowing 3 1 3 7
Canoe Sprint 3 1 2 6
Art Competitions 3 1 1 5
Sailing 2 2 7 11
Boxing 2 1 12 15
Canoe Marathon 2 1 1 4
Freestyle Skiing 1 2 1 4
Archery 1 1 2 4
Figure Skating 1 1 0 2
Weightlifting 1 0 2 3
Biathlon 0 4 2 6
Ice Hockey 0 2 7 9
Snowboarding 0 2 2 4
Modern Pentathlon 0 1 4 5
Swimming 0 1 3 4
Alpine Skiing 0 1 0 1
Curling 0 1 0 1
Military Ski Patrol 0 1 0 1

Intercalated Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wrestling 1 1 0 2
Athletics 1 0 1 2

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Alpine Skiing 1 1 1 3
Freestyle Skiing 1 1 0 2
Ice Hockey 1 0 1 2
Nordic Combined 0 2 0 2
Snowboarding 0 1 2 3
Cross Country Skiing 0 0 2 2
Athletics 0 0 1 1
Wrestling 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Paavo Nurmi FIN 9 3 0 12
Ville Ritola FIN 5 3 0 8
Clas Thunberg FIN 5 1 1 7
Hannes Kolehmainen FIN 4 1 0 5
Matti Nykänen FIN 4 1 0 5
Lasse Virén FIN 4 0 0 4
Veikko Hakulinen FIN 3 3 1 7
Eero Mäntyranta FIN 3 2 2 7
Samppa Lajunen FIN 3 2 0 5
Veikko Huhtanen FIN 3 1 1 5

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Verner Weckman FIN 1 1 0 2
Verner Järvinen FIN 1 0 1 2

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Rosa Pohjolainen FIN 1 1 0 2
Jaakko Tapanainen FIN 1 0 0 1
Sini Siro FIN 1 0 0 1
Niki Lehikoinen FIN 1 0 0 1
Markus Haapanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Jaakko Hälli FIN 1 0 0 1
Manu Honkanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Waltteri Hopponen FIN 1 0 0 1
Kaapo Kähkönen FIN 1 0 0 1
Juuso Kannel FIN 1 0 0 1
Kasperi Kapanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Antti Kauppinen FIN 1 0 0 1
Joel Kiviranta FIN 1 0 0 1
Alex Levanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Otto Nieminen FIN 1 0 0 1
Miikka Pitkänen FIN 1 0 0 1
Jere Rouhiainen FIN 1 0 0 1
Eetu Sopanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Otto Tolvanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Joni Tuulola FIN 1 0 0 1
Jonne Yliniemi FIN 1 0 0 1

IOC Members

Reinhold, Baron von Willebrand 1908—1919
Ernst Krogius 1920—1948
Jukka Rangell 1938—1967
Ernst Krogius 1948—1955
Erik von Frenckell 1948—1976
Jukka Rangell 1967—1982
Paavo Honkajuuri 1967—1981
Erik von Frenckell 1976—1977
Peter Tallberg 1976—2015
Pirjo Wilmi-Häggman 1981—1999
Jari Kurri 2002—2006
Saku Koivu 2006—2014
Sari Essayah 2016—
Emma Laaksonen-Terho 2018—