West Germany

Overview

NOCNationales Olympisches Komitee der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flagbearers22

Participants

Olympic Games 1708

Description

After World War II, Germany split into two nations. The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) (known as West Germany in many nations, but in Germany as the Bundesrepublik Deutschland [BRD]) was formed in Bonn on 23 May 1949 from the former United States, British, and French Zones of Occupation. The German Democratic Republic (GDR) (East) was formed on 7 October 1949 from the former Soviet Zone of Occupation. From 1952-68, the problem of the “Two Germanies” was a major political problem for the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The FRG Olympic Committee was formed on 24 September 1949 and requested IOC recognition immediately, which came when the IOC Executive Board gave provisional recognition to the FRG Olympic Committee on 29 August 1950, with full recognition following in May 1951 at the 46th IOC session in Vienna. The GDR formed a National Olympic Committee (NOC) on 22 April 1951 and also asked for recognition. In 1952, a German team was entered at Oslo and Helsinki. Although called a combined German team, it was only represented by athletes from the Federal Republic of Germany.

At the 51st IOC session in Paris in 1955, the IOC granted recognition to the GDR NOC by a vote of 27-7. However, the proviso to this recognition was that both Germanys would compete at the Olympics with a combined team, and they did so in 1956, 1960, and 1964, competing under one flag.

On 6 October 1965, at the 64th IOC session in Madrid, the IOC gave the GDR the right to enter a separate team at the 1968 Olympic Games. However, the IOC ruled that both Germanys had to compete with the same uniforms, using the same flag adorned with the Olympic Symbol, and using the same anthem, the choral theme from Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony, and that the GDR would compete as East Germany, a name it did not recognize. At the 68th IOC session at Mexico City in 1968, the IOC voted 44-4 that, beginning in 1972, both the FRG and the GDR could compete separately at the Olympic Games, wearing their own uniforms, and using their own flag and anthem, and with the correct names of their nations. This decision was no doubt influenced by the fact that the 1972 Olympics were to be held in München, West Germany. On 3 October 1990, the GDR and the FRG dissolved their separate governments to once again form a single united German state, and in 1992 a unified German team competed at Albertville and Barcelona.

During its existence, the FRG was a powerful nation in many sports, winning 241 medals and 67 gold medals from 1968-88. Its top Olympians were Reiner Klimke (EQU) with seven medals and five gold medals, and Michael Groß (SWI) with six medals and three gold medals. At the Winter Olympics, Peter Angerer won five medals in biathlon.

In 1958 the Olympic Committees of West and East Germany were awarded with the Count Alberto Bonacossa Trophy.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 232 43 275 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 67 20 87 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 341 83 424 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 62 16 78 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 233 57 290 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 56 15 71 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 61 19 80 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 267 123 390 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 69 15 84 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 244 103 347 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 71 19 90 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 28 24 52 Results
Archery 9 7 16 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 24 23 47 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 5 5 Results
Athletics 159 81 240 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 24 0 24 Results
Biathlon 18 0 18 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 42 0 42 Results
Boxing 30 0 30 Results
Canoe Slalom (Canoeing) 12 3 15 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 41 12 53 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 25 10 35 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 27 6 33 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 35 0 35 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 10 12 22 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 5 6 11 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 15 1 16 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 15 0 15 Results
Fencing 47 18 65 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 16 20 36 Results
Football (Football) 48 0 48 Results
Handball 45 13 58 Results
Hockey 53 26 79 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 78 0 78 Results
Judo 18 0 18 Results
Luge 23 10 33 Results
Modern Pentathlon 13 0 13 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 12 0 12 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 4 4 Results
Rowing 107 37 144 Results
Sailing 48 2 50 Results
Shooting 48 11 59 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 15 0 15 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 13 8 21 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 65 51 116 Results
Table Tennis 4 2 6 Results
Tennis 2 3 5 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 12 22 34 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 37 0 37 Results
Weightlifting 22 0 22 Results
Wrestling 56 0 56 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 17 19 23 59
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 11 16 40
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 11 14 15 40
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 10 12 17 39
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 5 11 10 26
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 1 5
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 5 3 10
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 4 2 8
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 3 7
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 3 5

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 12 14 17 43
Fencing 7 8 1 16
Equestrian Dressage 7 3 3 13
Rowing 4 4 6 14
Shooting 4 4 3 11
Cycling Track 4 3 3 10
Swimming 3 5 14 22
Alpine Skiing 3 5 1 9
Equestrian Jumping 3 1 3 7
Speed Skating 3 0 0 3
Canoe Sprint 2 3 2 7
Sailing 2 2 3 7
Weightlifting 2 2 3 7
Nordic Combined 2 1 0 3
Luge 1 4 5 10
Wrestling 1 4 4 9
Judo 1 4 3 8
Bobsleigh 1 3 2 6
Hockey 1 3 0 4
Biathlon 1 2 2 5
Equestrian Eventing 1 1 3 5
Boxing 1 0 5 6
Tennis 1 0 1 2
Canoe Slalom 0 3 1 4
Cycling Road 0 2 2 4
Handball 0 1 0 1
Figure Skating 0 0 2 2
Artistic Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
Football 0 0 1 1
Ice Hockey 0 0 1 1
Rhythmic Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
Water Polo 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Reiner Klimke GER
FRG
5 0 2 7
Michael Groß FRG 3 2 1 6
Alexander Pusch FRG 2 2 0 4
Annegret Richter FRG 2 2 0 4
Liselott Linsenhoff GER
FRG
2 1 0 3
Heide Rosendahl FRG 2 1 0 3
Rosi Mittermaier GER
FRG
2 1 0 3
Zita Funkenhauser GER
FRG
2 0 1 3
Nicole Uphoff-Becker GER
FRG
2 0 0 2
Gregor Braun FRG 2 0 0 2
Günther Schumacher FRG 2 0 0 2
Peter Vonhof FRG 2 0 0 2
Anja Fichtel-Mauritz GER
FRG
2 0 0 2
Christiane Weber FRG 2 0 0 2
Ingrid Mickler-Becker GER
FRG
2 0 0 2
Ulrike Meyfarth FRG 2 0 0 2
Erhard Keller FRG 2 0 0 2

IOC Members

Adolf Friedrich Herzog zu Mecklenburg 1966—1969
Willi Daume 1966—1990
Georg von Opel 1966—1971
Georg Wilhelm Prinz von Hannover 1966—1971
Berthold Beitz 1972—1988
Berthold Beitz 1988—1990