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Monika Gawenus-Holzner-Pflug

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 1
Silver 0
Bronze 0
Total 1
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexFemale
Full nameMonika•Gawenus-Holzner-Pflug
Used nameMonika•Gawenus-Holzner-Pflug
Born1 March 1954 in München (Munich), Bayern (GER)
Measurements173 cm / 64 kg
AffiliationsDEC Frillensee, Inzell (GER)
NOC(s) West Germany

Biography

At the age of 17, Monika Pflug took the speed skating world by storm. In the 1972 season, she won the World Sprint Championships, earned an Olympic gold in the 1,000 metres at Sapporo, and broke the world record in the sprint combination. While it would remain her best year, Pflug would remain a well-known face in the skating world for the next 15 years, disappearing briefly to become a mother. In that period, she enjoyed three more World Sprint podium finishes, placing third in 1973, 1974 and 1982. She also tried her hand at all-round skating, coming fourth at the 1973 European Championships. Her collection of West German titles is impressive, winning the all-round crown 8 times (1971-76, 1981-82) and the sprint title 8 times (1975, 1979, 1981-84, 1986-87).

After marrying Franz Holzner in 1974, she competed as Monika Holzner-Pflug for much of her remaining career. Before this marriage there was an extreme battle with her father, and then manager, whom she had to claim her due in order to marry. Following a divorce, and marriage to fellow speed skater Fritz Gawenus, she competed under that name in the final years of her career.

Personal Bests: 500 – 40.53 (1988); 1000 – 1:23.47 (1984); 1500 – 2:11.26 (1986); 3000 – 4:54.49 (1981).

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) Event Status Team Pos Representing 2nd NOC As
1972 Winter Olympics Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Olympic 5 FRG Monika Pflug
  1,000 metres, Women Olympic 1 Gold
  1,500 metres, Women Olympic 10
1976 Winter Olympics Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Olympic 12 FRG Monika Holzner
  1,000 metres, Women Olympic 5
1980 Winter Olympics Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Olympic 25 FRG Monika Holzner
  1,000 metres, Women Olympic 21
1984 Winter Olympics Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Olympic 7 FRG Monika Holzner
  1,000 metres, Women Olympic 8
1988 Winter Olympics Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Olympic 7 FRG Monika Gawenus-Holzner

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
1972 Winter Olympics 10 February 1972 Speed Skating (Skating) 500 metres, Women Final Standings 44.75 5
1972 Winter Olympics 11 February 1972 Speed Skating (Skating) 1,000 metres, Women Final Standings 1:31.40 1
1976 Winter Olympics 7 February 1976 Speed Skating (Skating) 1,000 metres, Women Final Standings 1:29.54 5

Other participations

Games Role Details
1984 Winter Olympics Flagbearer at the Opening Ceremony

Special Notes