A Palestine National Olympic Committee existed prior to World War II, formed in 1933. Palestine was ruled under a British mandate from 1921 through 1948. During those years, Palestine had a National Olympic Committee (NOC) which was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 16 May 1934 at the IOC session in Athens, although it never competed at the Olympic Games. The Palestine Olympic Committee was titularly to represent Jews, Muslims, and Christians from the region of Palestine, but the rules of the original Palestine NOC stated that “(they) represent the Jewish National Home”. Thus, that Olympic Committeee was more a precursor of the Israel Olympic Committee than of the current Palestine Olympic Committee.
Palestine currently has no exact geographic boundaries, but its NOC, which was created in 1976, was given provisional recognition by the IOC at its annual meeting in Monte Carlo in September 1993. This occurred shortly after the historic agreement signed between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the state of Israel in that same month. Palestine first competed at the Olympic Games in 1996 when it was represented by a single athlete, who finished last in his heat of the 10,000 metres. At subsequent Olympics, Palestine was also represented with swimmers and/or track and field athletes and in 2012 also with a judoka. None of its participants has reached the final stage of competition.