Israel

Overview

NOCOlympic Committee of Israel
Flagbearers48

Participants

Olympic Games 359
Youth Olympic Games 34

Description

The formation of the state of Israel as an independent Jewish state occurred on 15 May 1948. Israel dates its National Olympic Committee (NOC) to 1933, but that was a Palestine organization, and not truly a precursor of the current NOC. The original Palestine Olympic Committee was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 17 May 1934 at the IOC session in Athens, and was to represent Jews, Muslims, and Christians from the Palestine region. However, the rules of the original Palestine NOC stated, “Palestine is the National Home of the Jews, and so the Palestine NOC represents the Jewish National Home.” Given that manifesto, the Palestine NOC refused to compete at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, in protest of Adolf Hitler’s policies. After World War II, the 1948 London Organizing Committee originally invited the Palestine NOC but later withdrew the invitation. The problem of the status of the Palestine Olympic Committee was solved in 1951 when the Israel Olympic Committee was formed.

Israel competed at its first Olympics in 1952 at Helsinki, the same year in which its National Olympic Committee was formally recognized by the IOC. Israel has missed only the 1980 Moscow Olympics since 1952. Israel made its first Olympic Winter Games appearance in 1994 at Lillehammer and also participated in 1998 at Nagano. The zenith of Israel participation came in 1992 when two Israeli judoka won the nation’s first medals. The nadir occurred at Munich on 5 September 1972 when Arab terrorists savagely and cowardly murdered 11 Israeli athletes and officials (David Berger, Ze’ev Friedman, Yossef Gutfreund, Eliezer Halfin, Yossef Romano, Amitzur Shapira, Kehat Shorr, Mark Slavin, Andre Spitzer, Yakov Springer, and Moshe Weinberg). Through 2012, Israel has won seven Olympic medals – three in judo, three in sailing, and one in canoeing. Israel’s top Olympian has been sailor Gal Fridman, who has won two medals, and Israel’s only gold to date, in 2004 men’s windsurfing.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 22 3 25 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 17 6 23 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 8 2 10 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 26 3 29 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 2 14 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 24 2 26 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 24 8 32 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 14 4 18 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 25 5 30 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 18 7 25 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 29 10 39 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 5 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 20 16 36 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 2 5 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 23 20 43 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 10 5 15 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 19 18 37 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 8 6 14 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 22 25 47 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 3 10 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 2 3 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 2 0 2 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 7 7 14 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 3 3 Results
Athletics 37 18 55 Results
Badminton 1 0 1 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 12 0 12 Results
Boxing 5 0 5 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 4 2 6 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 2 1 3 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 1 0 1 Results
Fencing 7 6 13 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 8 7 15 Results
Football (Football) 32 0 32 Results
Golf 0 1 1 Results
Judo 16 8 24 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 22 22 Results
Sailing 24 10 34 Results
Shooting 25 1 26 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 1 1 2 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 1 0 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 32 13 45 Results
Table Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Taekwondo 1 2 3 Results
Tennis 6 4 10 Results
Triathlon 1 0 1 Results
Weightlifting 12 0 12 Results
Wrestling 13 1 14 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 4 0 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 1 1 2 Results
Archery 0 1 1 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 1 0 1 Results
Athletics 3 0 3 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 2 0 2 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 0 1 1 Results
Judo 2 1 3 Results
Mixed Sports 0 1 1 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 2 2 Results
Sailing 2 2 4 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 4 3 7 Results
Table Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Taekwondo 1 0 1 Results
Triathlon 1 1 2 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 2 0 5
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 2
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 2 2
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Sailing 1 0 2 3
Judo 0 1 4 5
Canoe Sprint 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 1 0 0 1
Sailing 1 0 0 1
Taekwondo 1 0 0 1
Swimming 0 2 0 2
Alpine Skiing 0 1 1 2

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Gal Fridman ISR 1 0 1 2
Yael Arad ISR 0 1 0 1
Shay-Oren Smadja ISR 0 0 1 1
Michael Kolganov ISR 0 0 1 1
Arik Ze'evi ISR 0 0 1 1
Shahar Zubari ISR 0 0 1 1
Yarden Gerbi ISR 0 0 1 1
Or Sasson ISR 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Dmitry Kroyter ISR 1 0 0 1
Fanny Beisaron ISR 1 0 0 1
Mayan Rafic ISR 1 0 0 1
Gili Haimovitz ISR 1 0 0 1
Yakov Toumarkin ISR 0 2 0 2
Noa Szőllős ISR 0 1 1 2
Rotem Shor ISR 0 0 1 1
Idan Vardi ISR 0 0 1 1

IOC Members

Alex Gilady 1994—