|Date||14 August 2008|
|Location||Zhongguo Nongye Daxue Tiyuguan, Beijing|
|Participants||20 from 20 countries|
|Format||Single elimination tournament. Competitors losing to the finalists entered repechage tournament for bronze medals.|
Ramaz Nozadze of Georgia had won the silver medal at Athina in 2004, was the 2007 World Champion, and was a slight favorite, but he lost in the quarter-finals to Czech Marek Švec. The defending gold medalist, Egyptian Karam Gaber, also lost early, going out to Albanian Elis Guri. This left the tournament wide open and the final turned out to be a re-match of the 2008 European Championship, with Russian Aslanbek Khushtov faving German Mirko Englich. The result was the same, with Khushtov winning Olympic gold in Beijing.
That was how the event and the results seemed to have ended. In 2015, however, the IOC began re-testing samples from the 2008 Beijing and 2012 London Olympics, using newer, more advanced testing techniques, in an effort to find those who had used performance enhancing drugs (PEDs), but in whom it could not be detected at the time of those Olympics. This was one of the many events affected.
In November 2016 Aset Mambetov (KAZ) was revealed to have a positive test for stanozolol, and was disqualified, losing his bronze medal. The medal was re-assigned to Marek Švec of the Czech Republic, who originally lost to Mambetov in the repêchage final.
Winner of each match advanced to round two. Losers to eventual finalists advanced to repêchage round one.
|Match #1||Han Tae-Young||KOR|
|Match #2||Mirko Englich||GER|
|Match #3||Elis Guri||ALB|
|Match #4||Karam Gaber||EGY|
|Match #5||Lajos Virág||HUN|
|Match #6||Adam Wheeler||USA|
|Match #7||Samir Bouguerra||ALG|
|Match #8||Jiang Huachen||CHN|
|Match #9||Ramaz Nozadze||GEO|
|Match #10||Theodoros Tounousidis||GRE|
|Match #11||Marek Švec||CZE|
|Match #12||Kaloyan Dinchev||BUL|
|Match #13||Daigoro Timoncini||ITA||Kenzo Kato||JPN|
|Match #14 2||Aslanbek Khushtov||RUS||Aset Mambetov||KAZ 3|
|Match #15||Mindaugas Ežerskis||LTU||Ghasem Rezaei||IRI|
|Match #16||Mehmet Özal||TUR||Oleh Kroka||UKR|
Winner of each match advanced to quarter-finals. Losers to eventual finalists advanced to repêchage round one.
|Match #1||Mirko Englich||GER||Han Tae-Young||KOR|
|Match #2||Elis Guri||ALB||Karam Gaber||EGY|
|Match #3||Adam Wheeler||USA||Lajos Virág||HUN|
|Match #4||Jiang Huachen||CHN||Samir Bouguerra||ALG|
|Match #5||Ramaz Nozadze||GEO||Theodoros Tounousidis||GRE|
|Match #6||Marek Švec||CZE||Kaloyan Dinchev||BUL|
|Match #7||Aslanbek Khushtov||RUS||Daigoro Timoncini||ITA|
|Match #8||Mindaugas Ežerskis||LTU||Mehmet Özal||TUR|
Winner of each match advanced to semi-finals. Losers to eventual finalists advanced to repêchage round two.
|Match #1||Mirko Englich||GER||Elis Guri||ALB|
|Match #2||Adam Wheeler||USA||Jiang Huachen||CHN|
|Match #3||Marek Švec||CZE||Ramaz Nozadze||GEO|
|Match #4||Aslanbek Khushtov||RUS||Mindaugas Ežerskis||LTU|
Winner of each match advanced to final. Losers advanced to repêchage final.
|Match #1||Mirko Englich||GER||Adam Wheeler||USA|
|Match #2||Aslanbek Khushtov||RUS||Marek Švec||CZE|
Winner of each match advanced to repêchage round two.
|Match #1||Han Tae-Young||KOR|
|Match #2 4||Daigoro Timoncini||ITA||Aset Mambetov||KAZ 5|
Winner of each match advanced to repêchage final.
|Match #1||Han Tae-Young||KOR||Elis Guri||ALB|
|Match #2 6||Mindaugas Ežerskis||LTU||Aset Mambetov||KAZ 7|
|Match #1||Adam Wheeler||USA||Han Tae-Young||KOR|
|Match #2 8||Marek Švec||CZE||Aset Mambetov||KAZ 9|
|Match 1/2||Aslanbek Khushtov||RUS||Mirko Englich||GER|