| Event type

100 metres Backstroke, Men

Date12 – 14 August 1936
LocationSchwimmstadion, Reichssportfeld, Berlin
Participants30 from 17 countries
Olympic Record 1:08.2 WR / George Kojac USA / 9 August 1928

Masaji Kiyokowa returned to defend his title but the four years since Los Angeles had seen the emergence of Adolph Kiefer. Kiefer’s father had been a swimming instructor in the German army and Keifer was to arrive in his father’s homeland as the world record holder. Kiefer was already clearly ahead at the halfway point, and was never threatened during the race. He broke the Olympic record and finished ahead of fellow American Al Vande Weghe who moved past Kiyokawa in the closing stages. The race was watched by a relatively small crowd, the result of bad weather and a clash with the handball final.

1Adolph KieferUSA1:06.9 (1 h1)1:06.8 (1 h1)1:05.9 (1)Gold
2Al Vande WegheUSA1:10.6 (2 h3)1:08.6 (2 h1)1:07.7 (2)Silver
3Masaji KiyokawaJPN1:07.2 (2 h1)1:09.7 (2 h2)1:08.4 (3)Bronze
4Taylor DrysdaleUSA1:09.0 (1 h2)1:08.6 (1 h2)1:09.4 (4)
5Kiichi YoshidaJPN1:10.0 (1 h5)1:09.5 (4 h1)1:09.7 (5)
6Yasuhiko KojimaJPN1:09.7 (1 h3)1:09.9 (3 h2)1:10.4 (6)
7Percy OliverAUS1:10.2 (2 h5)1:09.4 (3 h1)1:10.7 (7)
4 h2 r2/3Heinz SchlauchGER1:10.1 (2 h2)1:10.8 (4 h2)
5 h1 r2/3Nils ChristiansenPHI1:11.5 (3 h3)1:11.1 (5 h1)
5 h2 r2/3Gordon KerrCAN1:12.9 (2 h4)1:11.2 (5 h2)
6 h1 r2/3Erwin SimonGER1:11.7 (4 h3)1:11.7 (6 h1)
6 h2 r2/3Draško VilfanYUG1:11.7 (3 h2)1:13.3 (6 h2)
7 h1 r2/3Hans SchwarzGER1:11.0 (3 h1)1:11.8 (7 h1)
7 h2 r2/3Jack BesfordGBR1:12.0 (1 h4)1:13.6 (7 h2)
8 h1 r2/3Björn BorgSWE1:15.2 (3 h4)1:16.3 (8 h1)
8 h2 r2/3Piet MetmanNED1:13.7 (3 h5)1:14.1 (8 h2)
4 h1 r1/3Elemér GombosHUN1:12.4 (4 h1)
4 h2 r1/3Stans SchefferNED1:13.6 (4 h2)
4 h4 r1/3Boris RoolaidEST1:21.1 (4 h4)
4 h5 r1/3Ademar CaballeroBRA1:17.0 (4 h5)
5 h1 r1/3Jack MiddletonGBR1:15.0 (5 h1)
5 h2 r1/3Árpád LengyelHUN1:15.2 (5 h2)
5 h3 r1/3György ErdélyiHUN1:14.7 (5 h3)
5 h4 r1/3Emmanouil MallidisGRE1:21.5 (5 h4)
5 h5 r1/3Børge BæthDEN1:17.3 (5 h5)
6 h1 r1/3Benvenuto NuñesBRA1:16.9 (6 h1)
6 h2 r1/3Munroe BourneCAN1:17.2 (6 h2)
6 h3 r1/3Marcel NeumannLUX1:18.8 (6 h3)
6 h5 r1/3Alfonso CasasempereCHI1:21.0 (6 h5)
7 h2 r1/3Antônio Amaral FilhoBRA1:21.0 (7 h2)
DNSKurt PatuzziAUT– (DNS h3)
DNSEdmund CooperBER– (DNS h5)
DNSRoss DoeBER– (DNS h1)
DNSIlmari NiemeläinenFIN
DNSFerenc CsíkHUN
DNSSándor BarócsyHUN
DNSDaniel CarpioPER– (DNS h4)
DNSBoris PraunspergerYUG– (DNS h4)

Round One (12 August 1936 — 10:30)

Top three in each heat and the fastest fourth-place advanced to the semi-finals.

Heat One

11Adolph KieferUSA1:06.9QOR
22Masaji KiyokawaJPN1:07.2Q
37Hans SchwarzGER1:11.0Q
43Elemér GombosHUN1:12.4
56Jack MiddletonGBR1:15.0
65Benvenuto NuñesBRA1:16.9

Heat Two

14Taylor DrysdaleUSA1:09.0Q
22Heinz SchlauchGER1:10.1Q
37Draško VilfanYUG1:11.7Q
41Stans SchefferNED1:13.6
53Árpád LengyelHUN1:15.2
66Munroe BourneCAN1:17.2
75Antônio Amaral FilhoBRA1:21.0

Heat Three

11Yasuhiko KojimaJPN1:09.7Q
26Al Vande WegheUSA1:10.6Q
34Nils ChristiansenPHI1:11.5Q
45Erwin SimonGER1:11.7q
52György ErdélyiHUN1:14.7
63Marcel NeumannLUX1:18.8
DNS7Kurt PatuzziAUT

Heat Four

13Jack BesfordGBR1:12.0Q
25Gordon KerrCAN1:12.9Q
36Björn BorgSWE1:15.2Q
44Boris RoolaidEST1:21.1
52Emmanouil MallidisGRE1:21.5
DNS1Daniel CarpioPER
DNS7Boris PraunspergerYUG

Heat Five

14Kiichi YoshidaJPN1:10.0Q
23Percy OliverAUS1:10.2Q
31Piet MetmanNED1:13.7Q
45Ademar CaballeroBRA1:17.0
52Børge BæthDEN1:17.3
66Alfonso CasasempereCHI1:21.0
DNS7Edmund CooperBER

Semi-Finals (13 August 1936 — 16:50)

Top three in each heat and the fastest fourth-place advanced to the final.

Heat One

18Adolph KieferUSA1:06.8QOR
27Al Vande WegheUSA1:08.6Q
31Percy OliverAUS1:09.4Q
45Kiichi YoshidaJPN1:09.5q
52Nils ChristiansenPHI1:11.1
64Erwin SimonGER1:11.7
76Hans SchwarzGER1:11.8
83Björn BorgSWE1:16.3

Heat Two

13Taylor DrysdaleUSA1:08.6Q
21Masaji KiyokawaJPN1:09.7Q
38Yasuhiko KojimaJPN1:09.9Q
45Heinz SchlauchGER1:10.8
52Gordon KerrCAN1:11.2
67Draško VilfanYUG1:13.3
76Jack BesfordGBR1:13.6
84Piet MetmanNED1:14.1

Final (14 August 1936 — 16:30)

15Adolph KieferUSA1:05.9OR
24Al Vande WegheUSA1:07.7
37Masaji KiyokawaJPN1:08.4
42Taylor DrysdaleUSA1:09.4
51Kiichi YoshidaJPN1:09.7
66Yasuhiko KojimaJPN1:10.4
73Percy OliverAUS1:10.7