Canoe Marathon

Facts

Discipline of Canoeing
Participants 260
NOCs 23
Competitions held 17 (Venues)
Distinct events 6
IF International Canoe Federation

Description

Canoe marathons refers to longer distance flatwater canoe events. At the Olympics, these have only been held over 10,000 metres, although in other canoe competitions, longer distance races are contested, and for a number of years, 5,000 metre events were on the program at the World Championships.

The 10,000 metre events were only on the Olympic Program from 1936-56. Races were contested for both kayaks and Canadian canoes, in both singles and doubles, although Canadian singles was not held in 1936. In addition, in 1936 10K events for folding kayaks in singles and doubles were held.

Canoeing is governed worldwide by the International Canoe Federation (ICF) [in French: Fédération Internationale de Canoë (FIC)], which was founded 1946 in Stockholm. The ICF succeeded the Internationale Repräsentantenschaft Kanusport (IRK), which was created on 19 January 1924 in München, with four founding members: Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Sweden. The ICF has 166 member nations as of November 2019.

The Swedes and Germans were the top nations in this discipline with the top athlete being Sweden’s Gert Fredriksson, who won three medals in all, with two golds medals in kayak singles in 1948 and 1956. Four other athletes won two medals in Olympic 10K races, oddly all winning one gold and one silver medal. These were as follows: Gunnar Åkerlund (SWE), Frank Havens (USA), Hans Wetterström (SWE), and Kurt Wires (FIN).

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Sweden SWE 4 2 1 7
Germany GER 2 2 4 8
Czechoslovakia TCH 2 1 1 4
Finland FIN 2 1 1 4
United States USA 2 1 1 4
Hungary HUN 1 3 2 6
Austria AUT 1 2 1 4
France FRA 1 2 1 4
Soviet Union URS 1 0 1 2
Romania ROU 1 0 0 1
Canada CAN 0 2 1 3
Norway NOR 0 1 1 2
Australia AUS 0 0 1 1
Netherlands NED 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Gert Fredriksson SWE 2 1 0 3
Kurt Wires FIN 1 1 0 2
Hans Wetterström SWE 1 1 0 2
Gunnar Åkerlund SWE 1 1 0 2
Frank Havens USA 1 1 0 2
Gregor Hradetzky AUT 1 0 0 1
Yrjö Hietanen FIN 1 0 0 1
Thorvald Strömberg FIN 1 0 0 1
Jean Laudet FRA 1 0 0 1
Georges Turlier FRA 1 0 0 1
Ernst Krebs GER 1 0 0 1
Ludwig Landen GER 1 0 0 1
Paul Wevers GER 1 0 0 1
László Fábián HUN 1 0 0 1
János Urányi HUN 1 0 0 1
Leon Rotman ROU 1 0 0 1
Erik Bladström SWE 1 0 0 1
Sven Johansson SWE 1 0 0 1
František Čapek TCH 1 0 0 1
Václav Mottl TCH 1 0 0 1
Zdeněk Škrland TCH 1 0 0 1
Gratsian Botev URS 1 0 0 1
Pavel Kharin URS 1 0 0 1
Steve Lysak USA 1 0 0 1
Steve Macknowski USA 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Kayak Singles, 10,000 metres Men 4
Kayak Doubles, 10,000 metres Men 4
Canadian Singles, 10,000 metres Men 3
Canadian Doubles, 10,000 metres Men 4
Folding Kayak Singles, 10 kilometres Men 1
Folding Kayak Doubles, 10 kilometres Men 1