|Competitions held||17 (Venues)|
|IF||International Canoe Federation|
Canoe marathons refers to longer distance flatwater canoe events. At the Olympics, these have only been held over 10,000 metres, although in other canoe competitions, longer distance races are contested, and for a number of years, 5,000 metre events were on the program at the World Championships.
The 10,000 metre events were only on the Olympic Program from 1936-56. Races were contested for both kayaks and Canadian canoes, in both singles and doubles, although Canadian singles was not held in 1936. In addition, in 1936 10K events for folding kayaks in singles and doubles were held.
Canoeing is governed worldwide by the International Canoe Federation (ICF) [in French: Fédération Internationale de Canoë (FIC)], which was founded 1946 in Stockholm. The ICF succeeded the Internationale Repräsentantenschaft Kanusport (IRK), which was created on 19 January 1924 in München, with four founding members: Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Sweden. The ICF has 166 member nations as of November 2019.
The Swedes and Germans were the top nations in this discipline with the top athlete being Sweden’s Gert Fredriksson, who won three medals in all, with two golds medals in kayak singles in 1948 and 1956. Four other athletes won two medals in Olympic 10K races, oddly all winning one gold and one silver medal. These were as follows: Gunnar Åkerlund (SWE), Frank Havens (USA), Hans Wetterström (SWE), and Kurt Wires (FIN).
|Name||Gender||Still contested?||Times held?|
|Kayak Singles, 10,000 metres||Men||4|
|Kayak Doubles, 10,000 metres||Men||4|
|Canadian Singles, 10,000 metres||Men||3|
|Canadian Doubles, 10,000 metres||Men||4|
|Folding Kayak Singles, 10 kilometres||Men||1|
|Folding Kayak Doubles, 10 kilometres||Men||1|