Alfred Schwarzmann

Biographical information

RolesCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameKarl Alfred Markus•Schwarzmann
Used nameAlfred•Schwarzmann
Born23 March 1912 in Fürth, Bayern (GER)
Died11 March 2000 in Goslar, Niedersachsen (GER)
AffiliationsHeeressportschule Wünsdorf, Zossen (GER) / TV 1860 Fürth, Fürth (GER)
NOC Germany
Nationality West Germany
Medals OG
Gold 3
Silver 1
Bronze 2
Total 6


Alfred Schwarzmann started in 1936 for Nazi Germany and in 1952 for the West German team. He was regarded as the epitome of a German Aryan athlete for the Nazis, winning three gold medals and six medals at the Berlin Olympics. He came back in 1952 to win a silver medal on the high bar, improving on the bronze he won in that event in 1936. Schwarzmann took part as a paratrooper in the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, which started World War II. In 1940 he was severely wounded during the rush to Dordrecht in the Netherlands. He was taken to safety after he had revealed his identity to Dutch speed skater Siem Heiden. He was then awarded both Iron Crosses the same year, one of them for propaganda reasons. In 1945 he was imprisoned in Italy.

After the war Schwarzmann became the German national gymnastics coach and also regional trainer of Lower Saxony. His daughter Helma Schwarzmann was the first German national coach in equestrian vaulting, and was also an international equestrian judge and a renowned instructor. In 2008 Alfred Schwarzmann was inducted into the German Sports Hall of Fame.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal Nationality As
1936 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) GER Alfred Schwarzmann
Individual All-Around, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
Team All-Around, Men (Olympic) Germany 1 Gold
Floor Exercise, Men (Olympic) 10
Horse Vault, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
Parallel Bars, Men (Olympic) 3 Bronze
Horizontal Bar, Men (Olympic) 3 Bronze
Rings, Men (Olympic) 4
Pommelled Horse, Men (Olympic) =7
1952 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) GER FRG Alfred Schwarzmann
Individual All-Around, Men (Olympic) 27
Team All-Around, Men (Olympic) Unified Team of Germany 4
Floor Exercise, Men (Olympic) =78
Horse Vault, Men (Olympic) =13
Parallel Bars, Men (Olympic) =15
Horizontal Bar, Men (Olympic) =2 Silver
Rings, Men (Olympic) =58
Pommelled Horse, Men (Olympic) =65