| Event type

3,000 metres, Women

Date17 February 1994 — 14:00
LocationOlympiahall, Hamar
Participants27 from 14 countries
Olympic Record 4:11.94 WR / Yvonne van Gennip NED / 23 February 1988
StarterHeinrich BeckGER
RefereeLouw HekkemaNED

The overwhelming favorite for this event was Gunda Niemann of Germany. World record holder in the event since 1990, she was the defending champion from Albertville 1992. She had also won the event at the 1991, 1992 and 1993 World Championships (when she also won the allround world title), and six times in a row at the European Championships from 1989 through 1994. Having skated 4.12 at the World Cup and European Championships (both held in Hamar), it was thought she might even approach the world record.

But things turned out differently. Skating in the third pair, Gunda Niemann stepped on a lane marker and fell after about 430 m. Taking her opponent Seiko Hashimoto with her, Niemann got up quickly and continued her race. But in the confusion, she continued in the wrong lane, for which she was eventually disqualified. With Niemann gone, this left Olympic gold up for grabs. Her compatriot, 1992 bronze medalist in the 5,000 m, Claudia Pechstein, was leading after Niemann’s fall with a strong time of 4:18.34. She had defeated another favorite, Carla Zijlstra, who had won the last pre-Olympic World Cup in absence of Niemann. In pair four, Hungarian-born Emese Hunyady (Austria) skated. The 1993 European Champion started out carefully, giving her the power for three fast final laps, landing her just ahead of Pechstein with 4:18.14. After six pairs, there was only one serious contender left: Svetlana Bazhanova. The Russian had placed second behind Niemann in the Berlin and Davos World Cups earlier in the year, and had been 3rd in the 3,000 m at the European Championships earlier in the season (behind Niemann and Zijlstra). Starting with the same pace as Pechstein, Bazhanova held on longer than the German, finishing in a new personal best of 4:17.43. The Olympic gold would remain Bazhanova’s only international title. In 1993 and 1998, she did win bronze medals at the European Allround Championships.

17ISvetlana BazhanovaRUS4:17.43Gold
24IEmese HunyadyAUT4:18.14Silver
31IClaudia PechsteinGER4:18.34Bronze
46ILyudmila ProkashovaKAZ4:19.33
59IAnnamarie ThomasNED4:19.82
614OSeiko HashimotoJPN4:21.071
75IHiromi YamamotoJPN4:22.37
82IMihaela DascăluROU4:22.42
91OCarla ZijlstraNED4:23.42
104OMiki OgasawaraJPN4:25.27
117OTonny de JongNED4:25.88
128OTatyana TrapeznikovaRUS4:27.82
139OEmese AntalAUT4:27.91
145OIngrid LiepaCAN4:28.28
152OHeike WarnickeGER4:28.43
168IEwa WasilewskaPOL4:28.86
1710OCerasela HordobețiuROU4:29.31
1813IElisabetta PizioITA4:32.34
1913OAngela ZuckermanUSA4:33.08
2011IJasmin KrohnSWE4:33.34
2111OChris ScheelsUSA4:34.14
2210IChantal BaileyUSA4:34.64
2312OBaek Eun-BiKOR4:34.86
2414IKenzhesh SarsekenovaKAZ4:45.56
2512IIlonda LūseLAT4:47.75
DQ6OElena BelciITA[4:20.32]
DQ3OGunda NiemannGER[5:10.28]fall2