| Event type

100 metres Freestyle, Women

Date26 – 29 August 1960
LocationStadio Olimpico del Nuoto, Roma
Participants32 from 19 countries

Dawn Fraser had won this event in Melbourne and had not lost a 100 freestyle in the ensuing four years, setting the last five world records, the most recent being 1:00.2 set in Sydney in February. The American hope was Chris von Saltza, distantly descended from Swedish royalty, but she was given little chance to defeat Fraser. Von Saltza had the fastest time in the heats with 1:01.9, Fraser winning her heat easily in 1:02.1, but in the semis Fraser posted 1:01.4 to CVS’s 1:02.5, as they qualified 1-2 for the final. The final was not close as Fraser won comfortably in 1:01.2, von Saltza taking the silver medal in 1:02.8. Fraser would return in 1964 at Tokyo to win the event for a third consecutive time, the first Olympic swimmer to pull off that feat. Von Saltza would sparkle in Rome, winning the 400 freestyle and two relay gold medals, for four Olympic medals in all.

1Dawn FraserAUS1:02.1 (1 h2)1:01.4 (1 h2)1:01.2 (1)Gold
2Chris von SaltzaUSA1:01.9 (1 h4)1:02.5 (1 h1)1:02.8 (2)Silver
3Natalie StewardGBR1:03.5 (1 h5)1:02.9 (2 h1)1:03.1 (3)Bronze
4Carolyn WoodUSA1:04.3 (2 h5)1:04.2 (4 h2)1:03.4 (4)
5Csilla MadarászHUN1:04.5 (1 h3)1:03.0 (3 h1)1:03.6 (5)
6Erica TerpstraNED1:04.4 (2 h1)1:03.7 (2 h2)1:04.3 (6)
7Cocki van Engelsdorp GastelaarsNED1:03.9 (2 h2)1:03.9 (3 h2)1:04.7 (7)
8Mary Beth StewartCAN1:06.0 (4 h4)1:04.2 (5 h2)1:05.5 (8)
9Ilsa KonradsAUS1:04.2 (1 h1)1:04.7 (4 h1)
10Ursel BrunnerGER1:04.6 (2 h4)1:04.8 (6 h2)
=11Héda FrostFRA1:05.8 (3 h4)1:05.4 (5 h1)
=11Paola SainiITA1:04.4 (3 h5)1:05.4 (6 h1)
=13Heidi PechsteinGER1:05.1 (2 h3)1:05.6 (8 h1)
=13Inger ThorngrenSWE1:06.1 (3 h2)1:05.6 (7 h1)
15Katalin BorosHUN1:05.2 (3 h1)1:06.2 (7 h2)
16Karin LarssonSWE1:06.3 (4 h1)1:06.5 (8 h2)
=17Yoshiko SatoJPN1:06.4 (4 h2)
=17Marina ShamalURS1:06.4 (4 h5)
19Ulvi VoogURS1:06.7 (5 h4)
20Maria Cristina PacificiITA1:07.1 (5 h1)
21Nora NovotnyAUT1:07.4 (5 h2)
=22Diana WilkinsonGBR1:07.5 (3 h3)
=22Ágústa ÞorsteinsdóttirISL1:07.5 (6 h2)
24Margaret IwasakiCAN1:07.6 (4 h3)
25Haydée ColosoPHI1:07.8 (6 h4)
26Blanca BarrónMEX1:07.9 (6 h1)
27Marie-Laure GaillotFRA1:08.0 (5 h5)
28María Luisa SouzaMEX1:08.4 (6 h5)
29Anneliese RockembachVEN1:08.5 (5 h3)
30Dottie SutcliffeRHO1:09.0 (7 h4)
31Hitomi JinnoJPN1:09.8 (6 h3)
32Rita PulidoESP1:10.0 (7 h3)

Round One (26 August 1960 — 15:00)

Fastest 16 advanced to the final.

Heat One

14Ilsa KonradsAUS1:04.2Q
25Erica TerpstraNED1:04.4Q
36Katalin BorosHUN1:05.2Q
43Karin LarssonSWE1:06.3
52Maria Cristina PacificiITA1:07.1
67Blanca BarrónMEX1:07.9

Heat Two

14Dawn FraserAUS1:02.1Q
25Cocki van Engelsdorp GastelaarsNED1:03.9Q
33Inger ThorngrenSWE1:06.1Q
46Yoshiko SatoJPN1:06.4
57Nora NovotnyAUT1:07.4
61Ágústa ÞorsteinsdóttirISL1:07.5

Heat Three

14Csilla MadarászHUN1:04.5Q
23Heidi PechsteinGER1:05.1Q
36Diana WilkinsonGBR1:07.5
45Margaret IwasakiCAN1:07.6
57Anneliese RockembachVEN1:08.5
62Hitomi JinnoJPN1:09.8
71Rita PulidoESP1:10.0

Heat Four

14Chris von SaltzaUSA1:01.9QOR
23Ursel BrunnerGER1:04.6Q
36Héda FrostFRA1:05.8Q
45Mary Beth StewartCAN1:06.0Q
52Ulvi VoogURS1:06.7
61Haydée ColosoPHI1:07.8
77Dottie SutcliffeRHO1:09.0

Heat Five

15Natalie StewardGBR1:03.5Q
24Carolyn WoodUSA1:04.3Q
36Paola SainiITA1:04.4Q
43Marina ShamalURS1:06.4
52Marie-Laure GaillotFRA1:08.0
67María Luisa SouzaMEX1:08.4

Semi-Finals (27 August 1960 — 20:40)

Fastest eight advanced to the final.

Heat One

14Chris von SaltzaUSA1:02.5Q
25Natalie StewardGBR1:02.9Q
32Csilla MadarászHUN1:03.0Q
43Ilsa KonradsAUS1:04.7
51Héda FrostFRA1:05.4
66Paola SainiITA1:05.4
78Inger ThorngrenSWE1:05.6
87Heidi PechsteinGER1:05.6

Heat Two

14Dawn FraserAUS1:01.4QOR
26Erica TerpstraNED1:03.7Q
35Cocki van Engelsdorp GastelaarsNED1:03.9Q
43Carolyn WoodUSA1:04.2Q
51Mary Beth StewartCAN1:04.2Q
62Ursel BrunnerGER1:04.8
77Katalin BorosHUN1:06.2
88Karin LarssonSWE1:06.5

Final (29 August 1960 — 21:10)

14Dawn FraserAUS1:01.2OR
25Chris von SaltzaUSA1:02.8
33Natalie StewardGBR1:03.1
41Carolyn WoodUSA1:03.4
56Csilla MadarászHUN1:03.6
62Erica TerpstraNED1:04.3
77Cocki van Engelsdorp GastelaarsNED1:04.7
88Mary Beth StewartCAN1:05.5