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| Event type

200 metres Backstroke, Women

Date25 July 1976
StatusOlympic
LocationPiscine olympique, Montréal, Québec
Participants31 from 17 countries

American Melissa Belote was the defending champion and was back in the Montréal final, which was a tough call, with any of five swimmers having shots at gold. The GDR’s Birgit Treiber had won the 1975 World Championship, followed by Canadian favorite Nancy Garapick and East Germany’s Ulrike Richter, although she was considered better in the 100. Since the Munich Olympics, four swimmers had broken Belote’s world – Treiber, Richter, Garapick, and the third East German in the final, Antje Stille. Stille had twice set the mark in February and March 1976 but Richter went 2:12.47 at the June GDR Trials to hold the mark as the final gun went off. In the end she would win the gold, doubling in the backstroke, having won the 100 four days earlier. It was her race all the way, opening a body-length at 100 metres with Canada’s Wendy Hogg in second. Behind Richter the medalists were the same as in the 100 backstroke, with Treiber getting silver and Garapick bronze. Belote and Stille never challenged and finished 5-6, while Hogg struggled on the final 100 and placed eighth and last in the final. Even Richter was surprised by her second backstroke gold, “Quite frankly, I didn’t expect to win the 200 back.”

PosSwimmerNOCR1Final
1Ulrike RichterGDR2:17.58 (1 h3)2:13.43 (1)Gold
2Birgit TreiberGDR2:17.62 (1 h4)2:14.97 (2)Silver
3Nancy GarapickCAN2:16.49 (1 h1)2:15.60 (3)Bronze
4Nadezhda StavkoURS2:17.67 (3 h4)2:16.28 (4)
5Melissa BeloteUSA2:17.63 (2 h4)2:17.27 (5)
6Antje StilleGDR2:18.07 (1 h2)2:17.55 (6)
7Klavdiya StudennikovaURS2:18.47 (2 h3)2:17.74 (7)
8Wendy HoggCAN2:17.30 (2 h1)2:17.95 (8)
9Glenda RobertsonAUS2:18.62 (4 h4)
10Maryanne GrahamUSA2:19.07 (3 h3)
11Monique RodahlNZL2:19.22 (3 h1)
12Cheryl GibsonCAN2:20.14 (2 h2)
13Miriam SmithUSA2:22.05 (3 h2)
14Naoko MiuraJPN2:22.28 (4 h1)
15Diane EdelijnNED2:22.77 (4 h3)
16Gabriella VerrasztóHUN2:23.36 (5 h1)
17Yoshimi NishigawaJPN2:23.49 (6 h1)
18Antonella RoncelliITA2:24.45 (4 h2)
19Sharron DaviesGBR2:24.94 (5 h4)
20Joy BeasleyGBR2:25.14 (5 h2)
21Angelika GrieserFRG2:25.38 (6 h2)
22Heike JohnFRG2:25.55 (5 h3)
23Susan HunterNZL2:26.21 (7 h1)
24Kim WilkinsonGBR2:26.53 (6 h3)
25Karin BormannFRG2:26.72 (7 h2)
26Michelle de VriesAUS2:28.18 (6 h4)
27Silvia FontanaESP2:31.37 (7 h3)
28Claudia BellottoARG2:32.60 (7 h4)
29Paola RuggieriVEN2:34.89 (8 h3)
30Liliana CianCOL2:37.06 (8 h2)
31Sansanee ChangkasiriTHA2:48.56 (8 h1)
DNSGunilla LundbergSWE– (DNS h4)

Round One (25 July 1976 — 9:30)

Fastest eight advanced to the final.

Heat One

PosLaneSwimmerNOCTime
14Nancy GarapickCAN2:16.49QOR
23Wendy HoggCAN2:17.30Q
36Monique RodahlNZL2:19.22
41Naoko MiuraJPN2:22.28
55Gabriella VerrasztóHUN2:23.36
62Yoshimi NishigawaJPN2:23.49
77Susan HunterNZL2:26.21
88Sansanee ChangkasiriTHA2:48.56

Heat Two

PosLaneSwimmerNOCTime
14Antje StilleGDR2:18.07Q
25Cheryl GibsonCAN2:20.14
33Miriam SmithUSA2:22.05
42Antonella RoncelliITA2:24.45
57Joy BeasleyGBR2:25.14
66Angelika GrieserFRG2:25.38
71Karin BormannFRG2:26.72
88Liliana CianCOL2:37.06

Heat Three

PosLaneSwimmerNOCTime
14Ulrike RichterGDR2:17.58Q
26Klavdiya StudennikovaURS2:18.47Q
35Maryanne GrahamUSA2:19.07
43Diane EdelijnNED2:22.77
52Heike JohnFRG2:25.55
67Kim WilkinsonGBR2:26.53
71Silvia FontanaESP2:31.37
88Paola RuggieriVEN2:34.89

Heat Four

PosLaneSwimmerNOCTime
14Birgit TreiberGDR2:17.62Q
23Melissa BeloteUSA2:17.63Q
35Nadezhda StavkoURS2:17.67Q
46Glenda RobertsonAUS2:18.62
51Sharron DaviesGBR2:24.94
67Michelle de VriesAUS2:28.18
78Claudia BellottoARG2:32.60
DNS2Gunilla LundbergSWE

Final (25 July 1976 — 20:00)

PosLaneSwimmerNOCTime
13Ulrike RichterGDR2:13.43OR
26Birgit TreiberGDR2:14.97
34Nancy GarapickCAN2:15.60
47Nadezhda StavkoURS2:16.28
52Melissa BeloteUSA2:17.27
61Antje StilleGDR2:17.55
78Klavdiya StudennikovaURS2:17.74
85Wendy HoggCAN2:17.95