Graeme Hammond was a well-known athlete and doctor in New York City in the latter half of the 19th century. He was born in Philadelphia to William Hammond, who was Surgeon-General of the Union Army during the Civil War. Graeme Hammond attended Columbia College and the NYU Medical School, graduating from there in 1881. He would also later earn a law degree from NYU in 1900. In 1877, while at Columbia, Hammond won the IC4A title at both 440 and 880 yards. As a fencer, he was US champion for foil (1891), épée (1889, 1891, 1893) and sabre (1893-94).
In medicine, Hammond’s specialty was neurology. In 1911-12 he was President of the American Neurological Association, and served as professor of nervous diseases at NYU for his entire professional life. In 1891 he helped found the Amateur Fencing League of America and served as its President until 1930. He also served as President of the American Olympic Association (later the United States Olympic and Paralympic Committee) from 1926-27. He was physician to several Olympic teams.