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Alfred Schwarzmann

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 3
Silver 1
Bronze 2
Total 6
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameKarl Alfred Markus•Schwarzmann
Used nameAlfred•Schwarzmann
Born23 March 1912 in Fürth, Bayern (GER)
Died11 March 2000 in Goslar, Niedersachsen (GER)
AffiliationsHeeressportschule Wünsdorf, Zossen (GER) / TV 1860 Fürth, Fürth (GER)
NOC(s) Germany
Ethnic nationFRG


Alfred Schwarzmann started in 1936 for Nazi Germany and in 1952 for the West German team. He was regarded as the epitome of a German Aryan athlete for the Nazis, winning three gold medals and six medals at the Berlin Olympics. He came back in 1952 to win a silver medal on the high bar, improving on the bronze he won in that event in 1936. Schwarzmann took part as a paratrooper in the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, which started World War II. In 1940 he was severely wounded during the rush to Dordrecht in the Netherlands. He was taken to safety after he had revealed his identity to Dutch speed skater Siem Heiden. He was then awarded both Iron Crosses the same year, one of them for propaganda reasons. In 1945 he was imprisoned in Italy.

After the war Schwarzmann became the German national gymnastics coach and also regional trainer of Lower Saxony. His daughter Helma Schwarzmann was the first German national coach in equestrian vaulting, and was also an international equestrian judge and a renowned instructor. In 2008 Alfred Schwarzmann was inducted into the German Sports Hall of Fame.


Games Discipline (Sport) Event Status Team Pos Details
1936 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) Individual All-Around, Men Olympic 1 Gold Representing Germany    
  Team All-Around, Men Olympic Germany 1 Gold
  Floor Exercise, Men Olympic 10
  Horse Vault, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  Parallel Bars, Men Olympic 3 Bronze
  Horizontal Bar, Men Olympic 3 Bronze
  Rings, Men Olympic 4
  Pommelled Horse, Men Olympic =7
1952 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) Individual All-Around, Men Olympic 27 Representing Germany    
  Team All-Around, Men Olympic Germany 4
  Floor Exercise, Men Olympic =78
  Horse Vault, Men Olympic =13
  Parallel Bars, Men Olympic =15
  Horizontal Bar, Men Olympic =2 Silver
  Rings, Men Olympic =58
  Pommelled Horse, Men Olympic =65