| Event type

Individual, Open

Date15 – 16 June 1956 — 09:00 (15-16/6)
LocationStockholms Olympiastadion, Stockholm
Participants36 from 17 countries
FormatPlacement by point scores.

Sweden’s Henri Saint Cyr had won the gold medal in this event in 1952, followed by Denmark’s Lis Hartel, who won the first medal in equestrian by a woman. Saint Cyr and Hartel repeated their 1-2 finish in Stockholm, although there were some complaints on nationalism by the judges, which is not uncommon in dressage. The bronze medal went to German Liselott Linsenhoff as two women won medals in the event for the first time. Linsenhoff would compete at the Olympics again in 1968-72 and won the dressage gold medal at the 1972 Olympics.

Judging controversies affected the 1956 dressage competition as both the Swedish and German judges ranked their riders 1-2-3. The German and Sweden judges, both generals, were suspended by the FEI, and the IOC threatened to take dressage out of the Olympics. After long negotiations it was agreed that there would be no team competition in Rome in 1960, only two individual riders per country would be allowed, and three judges had to be from non-participating countries.

Saint Cyr won four gold medals in dressage in 1952-56 (individual and team both years). He competed at the Olympics from 1936-60. Hartel’s story was inspirational as she been afflicted with polio in 1944 and although she recovered somewhat, she remained paralyzed below the knees for the remainder of her life. Hartel had to be helped on and off her horse.

1Henri Saint CyrSWEJuli860.00Gold
2Lis HartelDENJubilee850.00Silver
3Liselott LinsenhoffGERAdular832.00Bronze
4Gehnäll PerssonSWEKnaust821.00
5André JousseauméFRAHarpagon814.00
6Gottfried TrachselSUIKursus807.00
7Gustaf Adolf Boltenstern, Jr.SWEKrest794.00
8Henri ChammartinSUIWöhler789.00
9Hannelore WeygandGERPerkunos785.00
10Gustav FischerSUIVasello750.00
11Sergey FilatovURSIngas744.001
12António de AlmeidaPORFeitiço743.00
13Else ChristophersenNORDiva739.00
14Anneliese KüppersGERAfrika729.00
15Aleksandr VtorovURSRepertoir726.00
16Gheorghe TeodorescuROUPalatin721.00
17Bob BorgUSABill Biddle720.00
18Nikolay SitkoURSSkatchek700.00
19Hermann ZobelDENMonty673.00
20Leonard LafondCANRath Patrick657.00
21Lorna JohnstoneGBRRosie Dream655.00
22Jean-Albert BrasuFRAVol d'Amour648.00
23Inger Lemvigh-MüllerDENBel Ami644.00
24Nicolae MihalceaROUMihnea625.00
=25Lilian WilliamsGBRPilgrim616.00
=25Robert LattermannAUTDanubia616.00
27Anne-Lise KiellandNORClary601.50
28Alexis PantchoulidzewNEDLascar586.50
29Bodil RussNORCorona572.00
30Elaine WattUSAConnecticut Yankee568.00
31Mauno RoihaFINLaaos562.00
32Jean SalmonFRAKipling554.00
33Nicolae MarcociROUCorvin516.00
34Alexander SagadinAUTCyprius513.00
35Jorge CavotiARGCarnavalito483.50
36Krum LekarskiBULEdgard396.50