| Event type

Individual, Open

Date15 – 16 June 1956 — 09:00 (15-16/6)
LocationStockholms Olympiastadion, Stockholm
Participants36 from 17 countries
FormatPlacement by point scores.

Sweden’s Henri Saint Cyr had won the gold medal in this event in 1952, followed by Denmark’s Lis Hartel, who won the first medal in equestrian by a woman. Saint Cyr and Hartel repeated their 1-2 finish in Stockholm, although there were some complaints on nationalism by the judges, which is not uncommon in dressage. The bronze medal went to German Liselott Linsenhoff as two women won medals in the event for the first time. Linsenhoff would compete at the Olympics again in 1968-72 and won the dressage gold medal at the 1972 Olympics.

Judging controversies affected the 1956 dressage competition as both the Swedish and German judges ranked their riders 1-2-3. The German and Sweden judges, both generals, were suspended by the FEI, and the IOC threatened to take dressage out of the Olympics. After long negotiations it was agreed that there would be no team competition in Rome in 1960, only two individual riders per country would be allowed, and three judges had to be from non-participating countries.

Saint Cyr won four gold medals in dressage in 1952-56 (individual and team both years). He competed at the Olympics from 1936-60. Hartel’s story was inspirational as she been afflicted with polio in 1944 and although she recovered somewhat, she remained paralyzed below the knees for the remainder of her life. Hartel had to be helped on and off her horse.

1Henri Saint CyrSWE860.00Gold
2Lis HartelDEN850.00Silver
3Liselott LinsenhoffGER832.00Bronze
4Gehnäll PerssonSWE821.00
5André JousseauméFRA814.00
6Gottfried TrachselSUI807.00
7Gustaf Adolf Boltenstern, Jr.SWE794.00
8Henri ChammartinSUI789.00
9Hannelore WeygandGER785.00
10Gustav FischerSUI750.00
11Sergey FilatovURS744.001
12António de AlmeidaPOR743.00
13Else ChristophersenNOR739.00
14Anneliese KüppersGER729.00
15Aleksandr VtorovURS726.00
16Gheorghe TeodorescuROU721.00
17Bob BorgUSA720.00
18Nikolay SitkoURS700.00
19Hermann ZobelDEN673.00
20Leonard LafondCAN657.00
21Lorna JohnstoneGBR655.00
22Jean-Albert BrasuFRA648.00
23Inger Lemvigh-MüllerDEN644.00
24Nicolae MihalceaROU625.00
=25Lilian WilliamsGBR616.00
=25Robert LattermannAUT616.00
27Anne-Lise KiellandNOR601.50
28Alexis PantchoulidzewNED586.50
29Bodil RussNOR572.00
30Elaine WattUSA568.00
31Mauno RoihaFIN562.00
32Jean SalmonFRA554.00
33Nicolae MarcociROU516.00
34Alexander SagadinAUT513.00
35Jorge CavotiARG483.50
36Krum LekarskiBUL396.50