Justinien, Comte Clary

Biographical information

RolesCompeted in Olympic Games • Referee • Administrator
Full nameJustinien Charles Xavier•Clary (Bretonneau-)
Used nameJustinien, Comte•Clary
Born20 April 1860 in Paris Ie, Paris (FRA)
Died13 June 1933 in Paris XVIe, Paris (FRA)
Title(s)Comte (Count)
NOC France
Medals OG
Gold 0
Silver 0
Bronze 1
Total 1


Born Justinien Charles Xavier Bretonneau to Pierre Fidele Bretonneau, his father died when he was only 2-years-old, and when his mother married Justinien-Nicolas Clary in 1883, he was adopted and assumed the name Bretonneau-Clary, although he preferred to be called Count Clary. Count Clary was a lawyer and popular writer who founded Le Pistolet in 1894, Le Fusil de Chasse in 1897 and in 1909 he published Le braconnage et le moyen de la reprimer. He helped organize the shooting events at the 1900 Paris Exposition and placed third in clay trap shooting at the 1900 Olympics.

Count Clary was heavily involved in sports administration, serving as President of the French Olympic Committee from 1913 until his death, and he was Commissioner-General and President of the Executive Committee for the 1924 Paris Olympics. He was also President of the National Sports Committee and the St. Hubert Club. Clary led an active civic life and was founder of Franco-American Fraternity which gave assistance to war orphans, and for his public service he was made a Grand Officer of the Legion d’Honneur in 1921. Like Pierre de Coubertin, Clary was opposed to women competing in the Olympics and, at the 1924 IOC Session in Paris, spoke out against adding further women’s sports. He was a candidate in 1925 for IOC President but received only 4 votes in the first round and 1 in the second.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1900 Summer Olympics Shooting FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
Trap, Men (Olympic) 3 Bronze

Organization roles

Role Organization Tenure NOC As
President Comité exécutif des Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
President Comité national olympique et sportif français 1913—1933 FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
Member International Olympic Committee 1919—1933 FRA Justinien, Comte Clary


Games Sport (Discipline) / Event NOC / Team Phase Unit Role As
1900 Summer Olympics Fencing FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
Épée, Individual, Men (Olympic) Final Standings Referee
1924 Summer Olympics Art Competitions FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
Architecture, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Literature, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Music, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Sculpturing, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
1928 Summer Olympics Art Competitions FRA Justinien, Comte Clary
Music, Compositions For Orchestra, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Music, Compositions For Solo Or Chorus, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Music, Instrumental And Chamber, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Sculpturing, Medals And Reliefs, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge
Sculpturing, Statues, Open (Olympic) Final Standings Judge

Special Notes