|Type||Competed in Olympic Games|
|Full name||María del Pilar•Roldán Tapia (-de Gifennig)|
|Born||18 November 1939 in Ciudad de México (Mexico City), Ciudad de México (MEX)|
|Measurements||176 cm / 72 kg|
Pilar Roldán fenced foil for Mexico at three Olympic Games – 1956, 1960, and 1968. In 1960 she became the first woman to carry the Mexican flag at an Olympic Opening Ceremony. She was twice Pan American Games champion in individual foil, winning in 1959 and 1967. She also competed at the 1959 and 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games, winning four medals, with a silver and three bronzes. Roldán became the first Mexican woman to serve on committees for the FIE (Fédération Internationale d’Escrime).
Roldán was the daughter of tennis playing parents, as Angel Roldán played Davis Cup for Mexico in 1934, and her mother, the former María Tapía, won five medals in tennis at the Central American and Caribbean Games, with three medals, including two golds in singles and mixed doubles in 1935, and in 1954, winning a bronze in doubles and a silver in mixed. She also competed in tennis at the 1955 Pan American Games.
Pilar Roldán also took up tennis and was ranked as high as #3 in Mexico’s junior rankings, before concentrating on fencing. She read the book The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas and it inspired an interest in fencing so she took up the sport, asking her parents to get her fencing lessons when she was 13-years-old. To assist her, her father, a surgeon, also started fencing, and he eventually made the 1960 Mexican Olympic team in the sport, although he continued to primarily compete in tennis.
|Games||Discipline (Sport) / Event||NOC / Team||Pos||Medal||As|
|1956 Summer Olympics||Fencing||MEX||Pilar Roldán|
|Foil, Individual, Women (Olympic)||6 p2 r2/3|
|1960 Summer Olympics||Fencing||MEX||Pilar Roldán|
|Foil, Individual, Women (Olympic)||7|
|1968 Summer Olympics||Fencing||MEX||Pilar Roldán|
|Foil, Individual, Women (Olympic)||2||Silver|
|Foil, Team, Women (Olympic)||Mexico||=7|
|1960 Summer Olympics||Flagbearer at the Opening Ceremony||MEX||Pilar Roldán|