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Jenny Thompson

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 8
Silver 3
Bronze 1
Total 12
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexFemale
Full nameJennifer Elisabeth "Jenny"•Thompson (-Cumpelik)
Used nameJenny•Thompson
Nick/petnamesJenny Beth
Born26 February 1973 in Danvers, Massachusetts (USA)
Measurements177 cm / 69 kg
AffiliationsBadger Swim Club, Larchmont (USA)
NOC United States

Biography

With 12 medals and eight gold medals, Jenny Thompson has won more swimming medals and gold medals than any woman in Olympic history. But all eight of her gold medals came in relays, and this immensely talented swimmer was frustrated in her attempt to win an individual Olympic gold medal. Her only individual medals were a silver in the 1992 100 freestyle and a bronze in the same event in 2000. While attending Columbia Medical School, Thompson came out of retirement and made the 2004 Olympic team, and won two relay silver medals in Athens. Twenty-three times a national champion, she was more successful individually at the World Championships, winning the 100 free and 100 fly at the 1998 worlds. At the other major international event, the Pan-Pacifics, Thompson also won the 50 free four times (1989, 1991, 1993, 1999), the 100 free four times (1993-99), and the 100 fly three times (1993, 1997-1999). Among all female Olympians, Thompson’s eight gold medals are surpassed only by Larysa Latynina’s nine in gymnastics, and equaled by Birgit Fischer-Schmidt in canoeing.

Thompson has since become a physician, specializing as a pediatric anaesthesiologist. She did her internship at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, followed by anaesthesia residency at Brigham & Women’s Hospital in Boston, and then a pediatric anaesthesia fellowship at Boston Children’s Hospital. Thompson practiced anaesthesiology in Portland, Maine and Charleston, South Carolina.

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1992 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) USA Jenny Thompson
50 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 5
100 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver
200 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 17
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
1996 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) USA Jenny Thompson
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
2000 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) USA Jenny Thompson
100 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) =3 Bronze
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
100 metres Butterfly, Women (Olympic) 5
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 1 Gold
2004 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) USA Jenny Thompson
50 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 7
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 2 Silver
100 metres Butterfly, Women (Olympic) 5
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) United States 2 Silver

Special Notes