Yelena Gorchakova

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 0
Silver 0
Bronze 2
Total 2
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameYelena Yegorovna•Gorchakova
Used nameYelena•Gorchakova
Original nameЕлена Егоровна•Горчакова
Born17 May 1933 in Moskva (Moscow), Moskva (RUS)
Died27 January 2002
Measurements167 cm / 69 kg
AffiliationsBurevestnik Moskva, Moskva (RUS)
NOC Soviet Union
Nationality Russian Federation


Yelena Gorchakova was among the top female javelin throwers of the world during her teens, figuring in the top 10 list from 1950-52. Although Gorchakova had not medaled at the Soviet Championships, she was ranked number two behind Galina Zybina in the world top 10 list in 1952 and was selected for the 1952 Soviet Olympic team, winning an Olympic bronze in Helsinki. During the next 10 years, Gorchakova continued to figure in the world top 10 list several times, but due to fierce competition within the Soviet national team, was never selected to represent her country internationally until she competed at the 1962 European Championships, where she finished eighth.

Gorchakova’s “second coming” began at the 1963 Soviet Championships, where she won her first Soviet title, her previous medals at the Soviet Championships being a silver in 1955 and bronzes in 1961-62. Gorchakova was selected for the 1964 Soviet Olympic team, but was not considered among the favorites. However, in the qualifying round, she threw 62.40 (204-8¾) on her first attempt to set a world record, which was also the first ratified throw past the Imperial barrier of 200 feet. In the final, Gorchakova was less successful, settling for a bronze medal. After the Olympics, Gorchakova won her second Soviet title in 1965 and competed at the 1966 European Championships, where she finished fourth, to conclude her athletics career.

Personal Best: JT – 62.40 (1964).


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal Nationality As
1952 Summer Olympics Athletics URS RUS Yelena Gorchakova
Javelin Throw, Women (Olympic) 3 Bronze
1964 Summer Olympics Athletics URS RUS Yelena Gorchakova
Javelin Throw, Women (Olympic) 3 Bronze

Special Notes