| Event type

100 metres Freestyle, Women

Date8 – 10 August 1936
LocationSchwimmstadion, Reichssportfeld, Berlin
Participants33 from 14 countries

Female American swimmers were not selected for the 1912 Games but since then had dominated the 100 metres freestyle. US women had won ten of a possible twelve medals and all the gold medallists had been American. Willy den Ouden was the silver medallist in Los Angeles whilst still only fourteen and the intervening years had seen her lower the world record on four occasions and by a total of two seconds. The time of 1:04.6 she set early in 1936 would stand until broken at the Melbourne Olympics twenty years later. Although den Ouden did not swim her very best in qualifying, she easily reached the final as Jeannette Campbell of Argentina and another young Dutchwoman, Rie Mastenbroek, were winners of the semi-finals. Den Ouden faltered at the start and lost ground as Campbell and Gisela Arendt forged ahead. Rie Mastenbroek swam a patient race and although only fifth at the turn, she swam past tiring rivals and produced a sprint finish that propelled her past her opponents to touch the wall first. Campbell became the first South American woman to win an Olympic medal whilst Arendt, by then the mother of a six year old son, reappeared in Olympic competition in the 1952 Helsinki Games.

1Rie MastenbroekNED1:06.4 (1 h1)1:06.4 (1 h1)1:05.9 (1)Gold
2Jeanette CampbellARG1:06.8 (1 h3)1:06.6 (1 h2)1:06.4 (2)Silver
3Gisela ArendtGER1:07.3 (2 h1)1:07.2 (2 h1)1:06.6 (3)Bronze
4Willy den OudenNED1:08.1 (1 h2)1:06.7 (2 h2)1:07.6 (4)
5Tini WagnerNED1:08.9 (2 h3)1:08.6 (4 h1)1:08.1 (5)
6Olive McKeanUSA1:09.3 (3 h2)1:08.9 (3 h2)1:08.4 (6)
7Katherine RawlsUSA1:08.5 (3 h1)1:08.5 (3 h1)1:08.7 (7)
4 h2 r2/3Bernice LappUSA1:09.0 (1 h5)1:09.6 (4 h2)
5 h1 r2/3Piedade CoutinhoBRA1:09.4 (3 h3)1:09.6 (5 h1)
5 h2 r2/3Evelyn de LacyAUS1:08.5 (2 h2)1:10.0 (5 h2)
6 h1 r2/3Phyllis DewarCAN1:09.2 (4 h1)1:09.6 (6 h1)
6 h2 r2/3Olive WadhamGBR1:11.5 (3 h4)1:12.0 (6 h2)
7 h1 r2/3Kazue KojimaJPN1:11.0 (2 h4)1:11.1 (7 h1)
7 h2 r2/3Margaret StoneCAN1:10.0 (3 h5)1:12.8 (7 h2)
8 h1 r2/3Magda LenkeiHUN1:09.9 (2 h5)1:12.1 (8 h1)
8 h2 r2/3Ragnhild HvegerDEN1:09.6 (1 h4)1:14.0 (8 h2)
4 h2 r1/3Ilona ÁcsHUN1:12.7 (4 h2)
4 h3 r1/3Elvi SvendsenDEN1:10.3 (4 h3)
4 h4 r1/3Irma SchramkováTCH1:11.8 (4 h4)
4 h5 r1/3Leni LohmarGER1:10.3 (4 h5)
5 h1 r1/3Eva ArndtDEN1:10.1 (5 h1)
5 h2 r1/3Irene Pirie-MiltonCAN1:12.8 (5 h2)
5 h3 r1/3Inge SchmitzGER1:10.9 (5 h3)
5 h4 r1/3Kitty MackayAUS1:13.8 (5 h4)
5 h5 r1/3Renée BlondeauFRA1:10.9 (5 h5)
6 h1 r1/3Margery HintonGBR1:13.0 (6 h1)
6 h2 r1/3Tsuneko FurutaJPN1:14.6 (6 h2)
6 h3 r1/3Vera HarsányiHUN1:11.5 (6 h3)
6 h4 r1/3Helena SallesBRA1:16.2 (6 h4)
7 h1 r1/3Rei TakemuraJPN1:14.6 (7 h1)
7 h3 r1/3Zilpha GrantGBR1:12.1 (7 h3)
7 h4 r1/3Yang XiuqiongCHN1:22.2 (7 h4)
8 h1 r1/3Scylla VenâncioBRA1:15.1 (8 h1)
DNSJeanne de Rademaecker-EyckmansBEL– (DNS h5)
DNSSieglinde LenkBRA
DNSAnnie VilligerSUI– (DNS h5)
DNSVěra KlatovskaTCH– (DNS h2)

Round One (8 August 1936 — 15:00)

Top three in each heat and the fastest fourth-place advanced to the semi-finals.

Heat One

13Rie MastenbroekNED1:06.4QOR
22Gisela ArendtGER1:07.3Q
34Katherine RawlsUSA1:08.5Q
45Phyllis DewarCAN1:09.2q
58Eva ArndtDEN1:10.1
67Margery HintonGBR1:13.0
71Rei TakemuraJPN1:14.6
86Scylla VenâncioBRA1:15.1

Heat Two

13Willy den OudenNED1:08.1Q
25Evelyn de LacyAUS1:08.5Q
32Olive McKeanUSA1:09.3Q
41Ilona ÁcsHUN1:12.7
56Irene Pirie-MiltonCAN1:12.8
67Tsuneko FurutaJPN1:14.6
DNS4Věra KlatovskaTCH

Heat Three

16Jeanette CampbellARG1:06.8Q
27Tini WagnerNED1:08.9Q
34Piedade CoutinhoBRA1:09.4Q
42Elvi SvendsenDEN1:10.3
51Inge SchmitzGER1:10.9
65Vera HarsányiHUN1:11.5
73Zilpha GrantGBR1:12.1

Heat Four

17Ragnhild HvegerDEN1:09.6Q
24Kazue KojimaJPN1:11.0Q
36Olive WadhamGBR1:11.5Q
45Irma SchramkováTCH1:11.8
53Kitty MackayAUS1:13.8
62Helena SallesBRA1:16.2
71Yang XiuqiongCHN1:22.2

Heat Five

13Bernice LappUSA1:09.0Q
25Magda LenkeiHUN1:09.9Q
36Margaret StoneCAN1:10.0Q
41Leni LohmarGER1:10.3
57Renée BlondeauFRA1:10.9
DNS4Jeanne de Rademaecker-EyckmansBEL
DNS2Annie VilligerSUI

Semi-Finals (9 August 1936 — 15:00)

Top three in each heat and the fastest fourth-place advanced to the final.

Heat One

14Rie MastenbroekNED1:06.4Q=OR
22Gisela ArendtGER1:07.2Q
38Katherine RawlsUSA1:08.5Q
47Tini WagnerNED1:08.6q
55Piedade CoutinhoBRA1:09.6
66Phyllis DewarCAN1:09.6
73Kazue KojimaJPN1:11.1
81Magda LenkeiHUN1:12.1

Heat Two

11Jeanette CampbellARG1:06.6Q
26Willy den OudenNED1:06.7Q
38Olive McKeanUSA1:08.9Q
45Bernice LappUSA1:09.6
53Evelyn de LacyAUS1:10.0
64Olive WadhamGBR1:12.0
72Margaret StoneCAN1:12.8
87Ragnhild HvegerDEN1:14.0

Final (10 August 1936 — 15:00)

15Rie MastenbroekNED1:05.9OR
26Jeanette CampbellARG1:06.4
37Gisela ArendtGER1:06.6
44Willy den OudenNED1:07.6
52Tini WagnerNED1:08.1
63Olive McKeanUSA1:08.4
71Katherine RawlsUSA1:08.7