| Event type

High Jump, Women

Date 9 August 1936 — 15:00
LocationOlympiastadion, Reichssportfeld, Berlin
Participants17 from 12 countries
FormatFinal only.

The leading jumper in 1936 was Britain’s Dorothy Odam, who won the WAAA Championship with 1.65 (5-5), equaling the world record although it was never ratified. There were no tie-breaking rules based on attempts in 1936. Thus, Odam, Elfriede Kaun (GER), and Ibolya Csák (HUN) were tied after they all cleared 1.60 (5-3) and missed at 1.62 (5-3¾), although Odam cleared on her first attempt, Csák on her second, and Kaun on her third. A jump-off took place and Csák won the gold medal by clearing 1.62 (5-3¾) on her first attempt. Kaun and Odam jumped-off for the silver medal and Odam won the silver by clearing 1.60 (5-3).

After Odam, the highest mark of the year belonged to Gretel Bergmann of Germany, who had cleared 1.64 (5-4½) at the German Trials. But Bergmann was a Jew and the German Olympic Committee refused to place her on the team and only two German “women” competed. One was Kaun, while the other was Dora Ratjen, who placed fourth. However, after setting three world records in 1937 and 1938, Ratjen was revealed later that year to be a hermaphrodite – having mixed sexual characteristics. That seemed to be the end of it until the late 50s when Ratjen revealed “she” was really Heinrich Ratjen (listed for many years as Hermann Ratjen), and had been ordered by the Third Reich to compete as a woman to try to bring a gold medal to the Nazis.

PosNrAthleteNOCHeight1.30 m1.40 m1.50 m1.55 m1.58 m1.60 m1.62 m1.62 m (jump-off)1.60 m (jump-off)
1717Ibolya CsákHUN1.60oooooxoxxxoGold
2284Dorothy OdamGBR1.60-oooooxxxxoSilver
3858Elfriede KaunGER1.60-oooxxoxxoxxxxxBronze
=4859Dora RatjenGER1.58-ooxooxxx1
=4225Marguerite NicolasFRA1.58-ooxxoxxoxxx
=6307Fanny KoenNED1.55ooooxxx
=6736Annette RogersUSA1.55ooooxxx
=638Doris CarterAUS1.55o-xoxxoxxx
=9775Alice ArdenUSA1.50oooxxx
=9776Kathy KelleyUSA1.50oooxxx
=987Margaret BellCAN1.50ooxoxxx
=9507Wanda NowakAUT1.50ooxoxxx
=9283Nellie CarringtonGBR1.50-oxxoxxx
=1451Catherine StevensBEL1.40ooxxx
=14308Tini KoopmansNED1.40oxoxxx
=14394Junko NishidaJPN1.40oxxoxxx
17175Irja LipastiFIN1.30oxxx
DNS224Alice LeissnerFRA
DNS11Ismene LanitisGRE
DNS426Zulejka StefaniniYUG