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Kornelia Ender

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 4
Silver 4
Bronze 0
Total 8
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexFemale
Full nameKornelia•Ender (-Matthes, -Grummt)
Used nameKornelia•Ender
Nick/petnamesKonni
Born25 October 1958 in Plauen im Vogtland, Sachsen (GER)
Measurements172 cm / 59 kg
AffiliationsSV Halle, Halle (Saale) (GER)
NOC East Germany

Biography

East Germany’s Kornelia Ender was one of the first female swimmers to have won eight Olympic medals, a record later bettered by Jenny Thompson, and several others. Ender’s first Olympic medals came in 1972 when the 13-year-old finished second in the 200 metre individual medley, and helped the German Democratic Republic win silver medals in both relays. Ender won four gold medals in 1976 in the 100 metres and 200 metres freestyle, the 100 metres butterfly and the 400 metre medley relay, and added her eighth medal, a silver, in an upset loss to the Americans in the 4x100 freestyle relay.

The most prolific female record breaker of modern times, Ender set 23 individual world records (1973-76) in currently recognized events, including 10 at 100 metre freestyle, four at 200 metre freestyle, six at the 100 metre butterfly, two in the 200 metre individual medley, and one in the 100 metre backstroke. Ender won 10 medals (eight gold, two silver) at the World Championships, which was also a record at the time. In both 1973 and 1975 she won four gold medals at the World Championships, and in 1974, she added four gold medals at the Wien (Vienna) European Championships.

Kornelia Ender was named German Sportswoman of the Year from 1973-76, and was chosen European Sportswoman of the Year in 1973 and 1975. She married teammate Roland Matthes, a four-time Olympic backstroke champion, but they divorced, and she then married Olympic decathlete and bobsledder Steffen Grummt. Ender became a physiotherapist and moved to Mainz after re-unification, where she founded her own practice. In 1981 she was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame. Her daughter Tiffany also became a high-performance swimmer, but never reached world class swimming.

After the re-unification of Germany, former East German officials admitted to administering doping to nearly all their swimmers, including Ender. Unlike many other former East German top swimmers, she admitted to having been doped in her numerous records and victories. She stressed, however, that she had received the anabolic steroids from her coaches without her knowledge. In 1977 she refused to take Turinabol, whereupon she was banned from the national team.

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1972 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) GDR Kornelia Ender
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) East Germany 2 Silver
200 metres Individual Medley, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) East Germany 2 Silver
1976 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) GDR Kornelia Ender
100 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
200 metres Freestyle, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women (Olympic) East Germany 2 Silver
100 metres Butterfly, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) East Germany 1 Gold

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
1972 Summer Olympics 30 August 1972 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women Round One, Heat One 3:58.11 WR 1
1976 Summer Olympics 18 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Freestyle, Women Round One, Heat Seven 55.81 1
1976 Summer Olympics 18 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women Final 4:07.95 WR 1
1976 Summer Olympics 19 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Freestyle, Women Final 55.65 WR 1
1976 Summer Olympics 21 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Butterfly, Women Semi-Finals, Heat Two 1:01.03 1
1976 Summer Olympics 22 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Freestyle, Women Final 1:59.26 WR 1
1976 Summer Olympics 22 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Butterfly, Women Final 1:00.13 WR 1
1976 Summer Olympics 25 July 1976 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women Round One, Heat Two 3:48.95 1

Olympic family relations

Special Notes