Swimming at the 2012 Summer Olympics

Dates 28 July – 4 August 2012
Medal Events 32

Swimming was held at the newly constructed Aquatics Centre in the Olympic Park, although the open water swims were held in at The Serpentine, the eastern part of a lake in Hyde Park. The sport was again highlighted by the presence of Michael Phelps, who had won eight gold medals at the Beijing Olympics, and came to London having won 16 medals in all. He was not quite as dominant in London, winning six medals, and four gold medals, but this brought his overall totals to 22 medals and 14 golds, both all-time Olympic records. There was no change to the swimming program since the 2008 Olympics, with men and women both contesting 17 events, 16 in the pool and the open-water swim.

The United States was the dominant nation, winning 16 of 34 gold medals, and 31 medals in all. Phelps won the most medals by any swimmer, while on the women’s side, Americans Missy Franklin and Allison Schmitt won five medals, with Franklin winning four golds and Schmitt three. In the men’s open-water swim Tunisia’s Oussama Mellouli won the gold medal. He also won a bronze medal in the pool in the 1,500 freestyle, an event he had won in 2008, making him the first swimmer to win gold medals both in the pool and open-water events.

Multiple world records were set in London swimming, which reversed the trend of the last few years. Beijing had seen the world record list assaulted as swimmers used skinsuits made from new fabrics and which greatly decreased drag in the water. These were banned after the 2008 Olympics and with the return to what are termed textile suits, world records had been dearly sought since 2008. But the level of competition and the hyper-fast London pool contributed to numerous changes in the world lists.

Events

Event Status Date Participants NOCs
50 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 2 – 3 August 2012 58 51
100 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 31 July – 1 August 2012 56 49
200 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 29 – 30 July 2012 40 31
400 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 28 July 2012 28 23
1,500 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 3 – 4 August 2012 31 25
4 x 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic 29 July 2012 71 15
4 x 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic 31 July 2012 73 16
100 metres Backstroke, Men Olympic 29 – 30 July 2012 43 33
200 metres Backstroke, Men Olympic 1 – 2 August 2012 35 27
100 metres Breaststroke, Men Olympic 28 – 29 July 2012 44 37
200 metres Breaststroke, Men Olympic 31 July – 1 August 2012 34 28
100 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 2 – 3 August 2012 43 36
200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 30 – 31 July 2012 37 28
200 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 – 2 August 2012 36 27
400 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 28 July 2012 37 29
4 x 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Olympic 3 – 4 August 2012 72 16
50 metres Freestyle, Women Olympic 3 – 4 August 2012 73 65
100 metres Freestyle, Women Olympic 1 – 2 August 2012 48 43
200 metres Freestyle, Women Olympic 30 – 31 July 2012 35 29
400 metres Freestyle, Women Olympic 29 July 2012 35 27
800 metres Freestyle, Women Olympic 2 – 3 August 2012 35 28
4 x 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women Olympic 28 July 2012 72 16
4 x 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Women Olympic 1 August 2012 76 16
100 metres Backstroke, Women Olympic 29 – 30 July 2012 45 38
200 metres Backstroke, Women Olympic 2 – 3 August 2012 37 31
100 metres Breaststroke, Women Olympic 29 – 30 July 2012 46 36
200 metres Breaststroke, Women Olympic 1 – 2 August 2012 34 27
100 metres Butterfly, Women Olympic 28 – 29 July 2012 42 36
200 metres Butterfly, Women Olympic 31 July – 1 August 2012 28 21
200 metres Individual Medley, Women Olympic 30 – 31 July 2012 34 28
400 metres Individual Medley, Women Olympic 28 July 2012 35 28
4 x 100 metres Medley Relay, Women Olympic 3 – 4 August 2012 76 16
887 (458/429) 167 (144/139)

Medals

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 metres Freestyle, Men Florent ManaudouFRA Cullen JonesUSA César Cielo FilhoBRA
100 metres Freestyle, Men Nathan AdrianUSA James MagnussenAUS Brent HaydenCAN
200 metres Freestyle, Men Yannick AgnelFRA Park Tae-Hwan
Sun Yang
KOR
CHN
400 metres Freestyle, Men Sun YangCHN Park Tae-HwanKOR Peter VanderkaayUSA
1,500 metres Freestyle, Men Sun YangCHN Ryan CochraneCAN Oussama MellouliTUN
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men FranceFRA United StatesUSA Russian FederationRUS
4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men United StatesUSA FranceFRA People's Republic of ChinaCHN
100 metres Backstroke, Men Matt GreversUSA Nick ThomanUSA Ryosuke IrieJPN
200 metres Backstroke, Men Tyler ClaryUSA Ryosuke IrieJPN Ryan LochteUSA
100 metres Breaststroke, Men Cameron van der BurghRSA Christian SprengerAUS Brendan HansenUSA
200 metres Breaststroke, Men Dániel GyurtaHUN Michael JamiesonGBR Ryo TateishiJPN
100 metres Butterfly, Men Michael PhelpsUSA Chad le Clos
Yevgeny Korotyshkin
RSA
RUS
200 metres Butterfly, Men Chad le ClosRSA Michael PhelpsUSA Takeshi MatsudaJPN
200 metres Individual Medley, Men Michael PhelpsUSA Ryan LochteUSA László CsehHUN
400 metres Individual Medley, Men Ryan LochteUSA Thiago PereiraBRA Kosuke HaginoJPN
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men United StatesUSA JapanJPN AustraliaAUS
50 metres Freestyle, Women Ranomi KromowidjojoNED Aliaksandra HerasimeniaBLR Marleen VeldhuisNED
100 metres Freestyle, Women Ranomi KromowidjojoNED Aliaksandra HerasimeniaBLR Tang YiCHN
200 metres Freestyle, Women Allison SchmittUSA Camille MuffatFRA Bronte BarrattAUS
400 metres Freestyle, Women Camille MuffatFRA Allison SchmittUSA Becky AdlingtonGBR
800 metres Freestyle, Women Katie LedeckyUSA Mireia BelmonteESP Becky AdlingtonGBR
4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women AustraliaAUS NetherlandsNED United StatesUSA
4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Women United StatesUSA AustraliaAUS FranceFRA
100 metres Backstroke, Women Missy FranklinUSA Emily SeebohmAUS Aya TerakawaJPN
200 metres Backstroke, Women Missy FranklinUSA Anastasiya ZuyevaRUS Elizabeth BeiselUSA
100 metres Breaststroke, Women Rūta MeilutytėLTU Rebecca SoniUSA Satomi SuzukiJPN
200 metres Breaststroke, Women Rebecca SoniUSA Satomi SuzukiJPN Yuliya YefimovaRUS
100 metres Butterfly, Women Dana VollmerUSA Lu YingCHN Alicia CouttsAUS
200 metres Butterfly, Women Jiao LiuyangCHN Mireia BelmonteESP Natsumi HoshiJPN
200 metres Individual Medley, Women Ye ShiwenCHN Alicia CouttsAUS Caitlin LeverenzUSA
400 metres Individual Medley, Women Ye ShiwenCHN Elizabeth BeiselUSA Li XuanxuCHN
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women United StatesUSA AustraliaAUS JapanJPN

Medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 16 8 6 30
People's Republic of China CHN 5 2 3 10
France FRA 4 2 1 7
Netherlands NED 2 1 1 4
South Africa RSA 2 1 0 3
Australia AUS 1 6 3 10
Hungary HUN 1 0 1 2
Lithuania LTU 1 0 0 1
Japan JPN 0 3 8 11
Russian Federation RUS 0 2 2 4
Belarus BLR 0 2 0 2
Republic of Korea KOR 0 2 0 2
Spain ESP 0 2 0 2
Great Britain GBR 0 1 2 3
Brazil BRA 0 1 1 2
Canada CAN 0 1 1 2
Tunisia TUN 0 0 1 1