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Michael Phelps

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 23
Silver 3
Bronze 2
Total 28
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexMale
Full nameMichael Fred•Phelps, II
Used nameMichael•Phelps
Nick/petnamesThe Baltimore Bullet
Born30 June 1985 in Baltimore, Maryland (USA)
Measurements193 cm / 91 kg
AffiliationsNBAC, Baltimore (USA) / Michigan Wolverines, Ann Arbor (USA)
NOC(s) United States

Biography

Michael Phelps’ performances at the 2004-16 Olympics have brought him strong consideration as the greatest ever Olympian. He has surpassed the records of Mark Spitz and Johnny Weissmuller and is considered the greatest swimmer ever. Phelps swims several strokes, including butterfly and freestyle, but his best events are the individual medleys. At the 2004 Olympic Games, Michael Phelps became only the second athlete, after Aleksandr Dityatin (URS-GYM-1980) to win eight medals at a single Olympics, and he repeated this in 2008 at Beijing. Phelps had attempted to win gold medals in eight swimming events in 2004, to better Mark Spitz’s performance at München. Phelps did not manage that but did win six gold medals (four individual) and two bronze medals. He followed this with a dominating performance at the 2005 World Championships at which he won five gold medals and a silver medal. He had also won five World Championship gold medals at the 2003 meet.

Phelps not only did not stop competing but pushed his records even further. At the 2007 World Championships he entered eight events and won seven gold medals, losing out on the eighth in the 4×100 medley relay, when the USA was disqualified in an early round heat in which he had sat out. He seemed poised to challenge Spitz’s 1972 mark of seven gold medals. At Beijing Phelps again entered eight events and this time he came thru with a victory in all eight, becoming the first Olympian to win eight gold medals at one Olympic Games.

After Beijing, Phelps took some time off and also had some problems with substance abuse and spent time in rehab. He did not train as hard for a time, but he still won five gold medals and six medals at the 2009 World Championships. He won another five golds at the 2010 Pan-Pacs, and in 2011, won four gold medals and seven medals at the Worlds, setting him up for the 2012 Olympics, and giving him a total of 33 medals and 26 gold medals at the World Championships.

At London in 2012, Phelps cemented his title as the world’s greatest swimmer and, to many people, as the world’s greatest Olympian. He won four more gold medals and six medals, but actually failed to medal in one event in 2012, placing fourth in the 400 IM. His six medals in 2012 left him with absolute Olympic records of 22 medals and 18 gold medals. Phelps then announced his retirement, although in 2013 he hedged that a bit, and returned to the pool for Rio 2016.

At Rio in 2016, Phelps won an additional six medals with five gold medals, extending his Olympic best marks to 28 medals and 23 gold medals, marks that may never be approached. He retired, seemingly for good, after the Rio Olympics.

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) Event Status Team Pos Details
2000 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 5 Representing United States    
2004 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 3 Bronze Representing United States    
  4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 3 Bronze
  4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
  100 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  400 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
2008 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Freestyle, Men Olympic 1 Gold Representing United States    
  4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
  4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
  100 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  400 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
2012 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 2 Silver Representing United States    
  4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
  100 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 2 Silver
  200 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  400 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 4
  4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
2016 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold Representing United States    
  4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold
  100 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic =2 Silver
  200 metres Butterfly, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  200 metres Individual Medley, Men Olympic 1 Gold
  4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Olympic United States 1 Gold

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
2004 Summer Olympics 14 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 400 metres Individual Medley, Men Final 4:08.26 WR 1
2004 Summer Olympics 17 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Butterfly, Men Final 1:54.04 1
2004 Summer Olympics 18 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Individual Medley, Men Semi-Finals, Heat One 1:58.52 1
2004 Summer Olympics 19 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Butterfly, Men Semi-Finals, Heat Two 51.61 1
2004 Summer Olympics 19 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Individual Medley, Men Final 1:57.14 1
2004 Summer Olympics 20 August 2004 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Butterfly, Men Final 51.25 1
2008 Summer Olympics 9 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 400 metres Individual Medley, Men Round One, Heat Four 4:07.82 1
2008 Summer Olympics 10 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 400 metres Individual Medley, Men Final 4:03.84 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 11 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Butterfly, Men Round One, Heat Six 1:53.70 1
2008 Summer Olympics 11 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Final 3:08.24 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 12 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Freestyle, Men Final 1:42.96 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 12 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Butterfly, Men Semi-Finals, Heat Two 1:53.70 1
2008 Summer Olympics 13 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Butterfly, Men Final 1:52.03 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 13 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men Final 6:58.56 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 15 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Individual Medley, Men Final 1:54.23 WR 1
2008 Summer Olympics 16 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Butterfly, Men Final 50.58 1
2008 Summer Olympics 17 August 2008 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Final 3:29.34 WR 1
2016 Summer Olympics 13 August 2016 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Men Final 3:27.95 1

Other participations

Games Role Details
2016 Summer Olympics Flagbearer at the Opening Ceremony Representing United States    

Special Notes