|NOC||Comité Olympique Malgache|
|Youth Olympic Games||12|
Madagascar formed a National Olympic Committee (NOC) on 30 December 1963, which was ratified by the government on 15 August 1964, and recognized by the Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 26 June of that year. Madagascar made its Olympic début in the same year, and has since missed only the Games of 1976 and 1988.
No Madagascan athlete has won an Olympic medal through 2022. Its top athlete has been the sprinter, Jean-Louis Ravelomanantsoa, who finished eighth in the 100 metres in 1968, the country’s best finish ever.
As an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Africa, one would not expect Madagascar to have a long Winter Olympic history. To date, Madagascar has had three Winter Olympians in Alpine skiing, at the Games of 2006, 2018, and 2022. In 2006, Mathieu Razanakolona represented the nation and finished 39th in the men’s giant slalom, the nation’s best result to date. Mialitiana Clerc was the first female competing for Madagascar at the Winter Olympics, appearing in 2018 and 2022.
|1964 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||3||0||3||Results|
|1968 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||4||0||4||Results|
|1972 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||11||0||11||Results|
|1980 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||8||3||11||Results|
|1984 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||5||0||5||Results|
|1992 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||8||5||13||Results|
|1996 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||4||7||11||Results|
|2000 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||5||6||11||Results|
|2004 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||3||5||8||Results|
|2006 Winter Olympics||Madagascar||1||0||1||Results|
|2008 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||4||2||6||Results|
|2012 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||3||4||7||Results|
|2016 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||2||4||6||Results|
|2018 Winter Olympics||Madagascar||0||1||1||Results|
|2020 Summer Olympics||Madagascar||4||2||6||Results|
|2022 Winter Olympics||Madagascar||1||1||2||Results|
|2010 Summer Youth Olympics||Madagascar||1||4||5||Results|
|2014 Summer Youth Olympics||Madagascar||2||1||3||Results|
|2018 Summer Youth Olympics||Madagascar||2||2||4||Results|
|Alpine Skiing (Skiing)||2||1||3||Results|
|Cycling Road (Cycling)||1||0||1||Results|
Includes medals won as part of mixed teams.