Not held in other editions
| Event type

Pentathlon (Ancient), Men

Date27 – 28 April 1906
LocationPanathinaiko Stadio, Athina
Participants26 from 11 countries
FormatEvents were standing long jump, discus throw (Greek style), javelin throw, stade race (192 metres), and Greco-Roman wrestling.

Point-for-place scoring was used to determine the placements. The events and order were as follows: 1) standing broad [long] jump; 2) Greek-style discus throw; 3) javelin throw; 4) stade race [192 metres]; and 5) Greco-Roman wrestling. The top eight after three events advanced to the fourth event, and the top six after four events advanced to the Greco-Roman wrestling.

It was actually called the athletic pentathlum in 1906 and consisted of the events of the ancient Greek pentathlon - standing long jump; a stade race - or a race of one length of the stadium (circa 190 metres); the Greek style discus throw; the javelin throw; and finally, Greco-Roman wrestling. This had never been contested in modern times but still it was easy to choose Martin Sheridan as the heavy favorite. However, on 26 April [13 April], Sheridan had injured his right leg when he tore the leg with his spikes while training for the jumping events, and after finishing third in the standing jump portion of the pentathlon, he withdrew.

With Sheridan gone, it was anyone’s contest. The giant Hungarian, István Mudin, looked like a possible winner, as the events put a premium on strength. He led by one point after three events, with 16 points. But his running and jumping hampered him, and in the end, Sweden’s Hjalmar Mellander won through his consistency. His best finish in any event was third, but he also never finished worse than seventh. In addition he improved his placing in every event, and after trailing Mudin through three events, came on to win.

PosNrAthleteNOCPointsStanding Long JumpDiscus Throw (Greek Style)Javelin ThrowStade RaceGreco-Roman Wrestling
1431Hjalmar MellanderSWE2475543Gold
2833István MudinHUN2561981Silver
3381Eric LemmingSWE29152174Bronze
4809Uno HäggmanFIN34189232
5382Knut LindbergSWE371611325
6580Lawson RobertsonUSA361171116
716Ed ArchibaldCAN33101346
8730Julius WagnerGER3786185
9846Theodor ScheidlAUT3321021
10825György LuntzerHUN342446
11571Christos ParsalisGRE36121410
=12422Arthur MallwitzGER3842014
=12628Miroslav ŠusteraBOH3823312
=14Wilhelm RitzenhoffGER4117816
=14619František SoučekBOH4120156
16159Willy DörrGER4422715
=17323Karl KaltenbachGER47181217
=171Heikki ÅhlmanFIN4721188
19774Emilio BrambillaITA4852122
20772Henri BaurAUT51111624
21627Dan SullivanUSA5492223
=22822Gustav KrojerAUT56122420
=22883Pál VarghaHUN56241913
24869Franz SolarAUT68262319
DNF615Martin SheridanUSA3
DNF142André DésfargesFRA12
DNS34Stavros AntoniadisGRE
DNS44Nigel BarkerAUS
DNS53George BlakeAUS
DNS71Christian BuschGER
DNS107Ellery ClarkUSA
DNS163Léon DupontBEL
DNS196Hugo FriendUSA
DNS223Nikolaos GeorgantasGRE
DNS298I. GiannichostasGRE
DNS255Boris HonzátkoBOH
DNS284Henri JardinFRA
DNS821Periklis KakousisGRE
DNS311Bert KerriganUSA
DNS329Joseph KrämerGER
DNS405Raoul MatetFRA
DNS415Henri MoliniéFRA
DNS477Otto NilssonSWE
DNS529Vasilios PapageorgiouGRE
DNS563Patestos PatestidisGRE
DNS514Meyer PrinsteinUSA
DNS689Y. ShakhotinRUS
DNS616Dick SheldonUSA
DNS892Gaspare TorrettaITA