| Event type

100 kilometres Team Time Trial, Men

Date26 August 1960 — 9:00
LocationViale Oceano Pacifico, Roma
Participants126 from 32 countries
FormatFour-man teams.

In 1960 the team road race, a passive event consisting of adding up the times or placements for a nation’s riders in the individual road race, was eliminated in favor of a team time trial. The event was run along the Viale Oceano Pacifico, with 32 teams racing the three laps over a 33.33 km. course from Roma to Ostia and back. This event began the 1960 Olympic cycling program. Although it started at 0900, the day was hot, with temperatures reaching 34° C. (93° F.). Italy dominated the race, winning by over two minutes from Germany, which had all East German riders. Italy was led by the eventual runner-up in the individual road race, Livio Trapè, while the GDR team was led by Gustav-Adolf Schur, who had been world amateur road champion in 1958-59. The Soviet Union won the bronze medal, led by Viktor Kapitonov, who would outsprint Trapè to win the road race gold medal.

Unfortunately, the story of the race was the death of the first Olympian in competition since the 1912 Olympics, when Portugal’s Francisco Lázaro died during the marathon. The Danish team was in mid-race when one of the riders, Knut Enemark Jensen, began to ride erratically. He had difficulty keeping on the wheel of his teammates and finally, after several minutes of this problem, collapsed off his bike. He was taken to hospital and died a few hours later. The official verdict was initially given as a victim of sunstroke (heat stroke), although other reports mention that he had sustained a fractured skull during his fall. Media reports noted that the Danish team doctors admitted giving Jensen Roniacol, a vasodilator, and initial reports attributed his death to drugs. However, the post-mortem examination was never directly released and drugs as a cause of his death has never been proven, but in Davis Maraniss’s book Rome 1960: The Olympics that Changed the World, he noted, “Decades later a Danish journalist tracked down Doctor Alberto Marpiori, one of the Italians who had performed Jensen’s autopsy. The doctor said that he remembered the case well as it was the first time his institute had found evidence of doping. He said several substances, including amphetamines, were found in Jensen’s system.” Jensen’s death, along with the later death of Tom Simpson in the 1967 Tour de France, were two of the high-publicity factors that pushed the International Olympic Committee to institute drug testing at the 1968 Olympics.

Antonio BailettiOttavio CogliatiGiacomo FornoniLivio Trapè
2Unified Team of GermanyGER2-16:56.31Silver
Gustav-Adolf SchurEgon AdlerErich HagenGünter Lörke
3Soviet UnionURS2-18:41.67Bronze
Viktor KapitonovYevgeny KlevtsovYury MelikhovAleksey Petrov
Jan HugensRené LotzAb SluisLex van Kreuningen
Owe AdamsonGunnar GöranssonOsvald JohanssonGösta Pettersson
Ion CosmaGabriel MoiceanuAurel ȘelaruLudovic Zanoni
Henri DuezFrançois HamonRoland LacombeJacques Simon
Ignacio AstigarragaJuan SánchezJosé Antonio MomeñeRamón Sáez
Erwin JaisliRoland ZöffelRené RutschmannHubert Bächli
Bogusław FornalczykWiesław PodobasJan ChtiejMieczysław Wilczewski
11United StatesUSA2-24:00.97
Bill FreundMichael HiltnerWes ChowenBob Tetzlaff
Ricardo SennGabriel NiellFederico CortésPedro Simionatto
Peter DeimböckFritz InthalerKurt PostlKurt Schweiger
14Great BritainGBR2-24:59.02
Bill BradleyBill HolmesJim HindsKen Laidlaw
Ivan LevačićVeselin PetrovićJanez ŽirovnikNevenko Valčić
Rubén Darío GómezRoberto BuitragoPablo HurtadoHernán Medina
Boyan KotsevDimitar KotevOgnyan ToshevStoyan Georgiev Demirev
Benoni BeheytWilly MontyWilly Vanden BerghenYvan Covent
Mohamed El GourchGandoura LachebAbdallah LahoucineAhmed Omar
Paul NymanUnto HautalahtiRaimo HonkanenMatti Herronen
Warren ScarfeGarry JonesAlan GrindalFrank Brazier
Nico PleimlingRené AndringLouis GrisiusRaymond Bley
José FerreiraFrancisco MujicaArsenio ChirinosVíctor Chirinos
Armando MartínezFiliberto MercadoLuis Zárate
José PachecoMário SilvaFrancisco ValadaRamiro Martins
Muhammad SanusiRusli HamsjinTheo PolhaupessyHendrik Brocks
Bechir MardassiMohamed TouatiAli Ben AliMohamed El-Kemissi
Geremew DenbobaKouflu AlazarAmousse TessemaNegousse Mengistou
John BugejaPaul CamilleriJoseph Polidano
30Republic of KoreaKOR2-53:09.51
Park Jong-HyeonLee Seung-HunNo Do-CheonJo Jae-Hyeon
Knud Enemark JensenVagn BangsborgNiels Baunsøe 2Jørgen Jørgensen
DNFSan MarinoSMR
Salvatore PalmucciSante CiacciDomenico CecchettiVito Corbelli