Chinese Taipei

Overview

NOCChinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Flagbearers54

Participants

Olympic Games 568
Youth Olympic Games 93

Description

The Chinese Taipei National Olympic Committee was first formed in 1949 by members of the mainland Chinese committee who had fled to the island. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) official policy at this time was that the mainland Chinese Olympic Committee had simply changed its address and was now located on the island of Taiwan. For many years thereafter, the country was embroiled in a dispute with mainland China over recognition by the IOC (See CHINA, PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF).

In October 1959, the IOC Executive Board recommended that the Olympic Committee in Taiwan be recognized as the “Olympic Committee of the Republic of China”, but it also insisted that, at the 1960 Olympic Opening Ceremonies, this team should march behind a banner reading “Formosa”. The banner eventually read “Taiwan/Formosa” but the placard bearer also posted a sign of his own, reading “Under Protest”.

The greatest controversy concerning the participation of the athletes from Chinese Taipei occurred in 1976 at Montréal. In 1970, Canada had given political recognition to mainland China. Only a few weeks before the Montréal Olympics, Canada’s government announced that it would not allow Chinese Taipei athletes to compete under the name of the “Republic of China”. This was in complete violation of the Olympic Charter and the contract Montréal had signed as host of the Olympic Games, in which it agreed to allow all eligible athletes to enter the nation with the use of the Olympic Identity Card. The United States Government protested vociferously, even threatening a boycott. Eventually, however, the U.S. athletes competed, although Chinese Taipei refused to compete under any name other than the Republic of China. On 11 July, only six days before the start of the Olympics, the IOC Executive Board gave in and proposed to the full IOC that the island nation should compete at Montréal as Taiwan. The IOC approved this recommendation by 58-2, with six abstentions, but Chinese Taipei/Taiwan/Republic of China withdrew in protest and did not compete at the 1976 Olympics.

After competing for several years under the banner “China” or “Republic of China”, the IOC eventually banned the country from competing under this name. The current NOC was recognized in its present form on 26 November 1979, and on 23 March 1981 it signed an agreement with the IOC in which the NOC agreed to change its name to the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee and compete under a new flag and emblem.

Taiwan/Chinese Taipei first competed at the Olympic Games in 1956, and since then has taken part at every Olympics with the exception of 1976 and 1980. It has competed in 14 Olympic Games under various names – the Republic of China (1956), Taiwan/Formosa (1960), Taiwan (1964-1972), and Chinese Taipei (1984 onwards). The nation has competed at eleven Olympic Winter Games: as Taiwan from 1972-76, and as Chinese Taipei from 1984-2010. The nation has won 24 Olympic medals, including four gold.

The most successful athlete is female weightlifter Hsu Shu-Ching, who won gold in 2012 and 2016. But by far the best known athletes from Chinese Taipei have been two competitors in track & field athletics, who did not win gold. Yang C. K. was runner-up in the decathlon in 1960, and also competed in 1956 and 1964, while Chi Cheng won a bronze in the 1968 80 metre hurdles, but was the top woman sprinter in the world in 1969-70.

Participated as

Edition Name
1956 Summer Olympics Republic of China
1960 Summer Olympics Formosa
1964 Summer Olympics Taiwan
1968 Summer Olympics Taiwan
1972 Winter Olympics Republic of China
1972 Summer Olympics Republic of China
1976 Winter Olympics Republic of China
All other editions Chinese Taipei

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 20 0 20 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 24 3 27 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 37 3 40 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 35 8 43 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 15 6 21 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 0 5 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 31 7 38 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 2 12 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 43 18 61 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 2 13 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 23 8 31 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 8 0 8 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 32 42 74 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 1 7 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 21 34 55 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 49 39 88 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 43 36 79 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 11 13 24 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 19 25 44 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 23 24 47 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 0 3 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 26 29 55 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 7 7 14 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 9 0 9 Results
Archery 15 17 32 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 10 2 12 Results
Athletics 39 27 66 Results
Badminton 11 9 20 Results
Baseball (Baseball/Softball) 57 0 57 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 11 0 11 Results
Biathlon 2 0 2 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 16 0 16 Results
Boxing 18 1 19 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 5 0 5 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 10 4 14 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 9 3 12 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 2 3 5 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 0 1 1 Results
Fencing 4 1 5 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 1 1 2 Results
Football (Football) 13 0 13 Results
Golf 2 2 4 Results
Judo 26 13 39 Results
Luge 8 3 11 Results
Modern Pentathlon 3 0 3 Results
Rowing 1 2 3 Results
Sailing 9 0 9 Results
Shooting 18 7 25 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 1 0 1 Results
Softball (Baseball/Softball) 0 34 34 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 2 1 3 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 24 27 51 Results
Table Tennis 9 14 23 Results
Taekwondo 6 8 14 Results
Tennis 3 7 10 Results
Weightlifting 32 8 40 Results
Wrestling 6 1 7 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 2 3 5 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 0 4 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 1 2 3 Results
Archery 2 2 4 Results
Athletics 13 10 23 Results
Badminton 2 2 4 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 2 2 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 1 1 2 Results
Boxing 0 2 2 Results
Golf 1 1 2 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 1 0 1 Results
Judo 1 2 3 Results
Luge 4 0 4 Results
Sailing 1 0 1 Results
Shooting 2 1 3 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 2 2 4 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 2 1 3 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 3 3 6 Results
Table Tennis 2 2 4 Results
Taekwondo 3 3 6 Results
Tennis 1 0 1 Results
Triathlon 1 0 1 Results
Weightlifting 2 3 5 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 3 2 8
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 1 5
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 2 4
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 2 3
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 2
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 3 0 3
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 4 5
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Weightlifting 3 2 3 8
Taekwondo 2 1 5 8
Archery 0 1 2 3
Athletics 0 1 1 2
Table Tennis 0 1 1 2
Baseball 0 1 0 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Taekwondo 2 1 1 4
Weightlifting 1 1 0 2
Archery 0 1 0 1
Boxing 0 1 0 1
Golf 0 1 0 1
Table Tennis 0 1 0 1
Athletics 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Hsu Shu-Ching TPE 2 0 0 2
Chu Mu-Yen TPE 1 0 1 2
Chen Wei-Ling TPE 1 0 0 1
Chen Shih-Hsien TPE 1 0 0 1
Chen Jing TPE
CHN
0 1 1 2
Huang Chih-Hsiung TPE 0 1 1 2
Chang Cheng-Hsien TPE 0 1 0 1
Chang Wen-Chung TPE 0 1 0 1
Chang Yaw-Teing TPE 0 1 0 1
Chen Chi-Hsin TPE 0 1 0 1
Chen Wei-Chen TPE 0 1 0 1
Chiang Tai-Chuan TPE 0 1 0 1
Huang Chung-Yi TPE 0 1 0 1
Huang Wen-Po TPE 0 1 0 1
Jong Yeu-Jeng TPE 0 1 0 1
Ku Kuo-Chian TPE 0 1 0 1
Kuo Lee Chien-Fu TPE 0 1 0 1
Liao Ming-Hsiung TPE 0 1 0 1
Lin Chao-Huang TPE 0 1 0 1
Lin Kun-Han TPE 0 1 0 1
Lo Chen-Jung TPE 0 1 0 1
Lo Kuo-Chung TPE 0 1 0 1
Pai Kun-Hong TPE 0 1 0 1
Tsai Ming-Hung TPE 0 1 0 1
Wang Kuang-Shih TPE 0 1 0 1
Wu Shih-Hsin TPE 0 1 0 1
Yang C. K. TPE 0 1 0 1
Li Feng-Ying TPE 0 1 0 1
Chen Szu-Yuan TPE 0 1 0 1
Liu Ming-Huang TPE 0 1 0 1
Wang Cheng-Pang TPE 0 1 0 1
Lu Ying-Chi TPE 0 1 0 1

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Huang Huai-Hsuan TPE 1 0 0 1
Chiang Nien-Hsin TPE 1 0 0 1
Huang Yu-Jen TPE 1 0 0 1
Kuo Hsing-Chun TPE 0 1 0 1
Tan Ya-Ting TPE 0 1 0 1
Chen Nien-Chin TPE 0 1 0 1
Chang En-Ni TPE 0 1 0 1
Lin Wei-Yu TPE 0 1 0 1
Chang Hui TPE 0 1 0 1
Hung Tzu-Hsiang TPE 0 1 0 1
Lee Chia-Hsin TPE 0 1 0 1
Cheng Ssu-Chia TPE 0 1 0 1
Wang Yu-Jyun TPE 0 1 0 1
Wang Chen-Yu TPE 0 1 0 1

IOC Members

Henry Hsu 1970—1988
Henry Hsu 1988—2009
Wu Ching-Kuo 1988—2020