No other events in this sport
|
| Event type

Water Polo, Men

Date25 July – 2 August 1952
StatusOlympic
LocationHelsingin Uimastadion, Helsinki
Participants191 from 21 countries
FormatPreliminary single-elimination tournament qualifying, followed by several series of round-robin pools.

There were problems from the start of the 1952 water polo tournament. Originally some of the first round matches were to be played in open seawater venues at Uunisaari and Humallahti. However, this had to be abandoned because the water temperature was too cold to allow competition at those venues. The change required that all the matches had to be re-scheduled and shifted to the outdoor fresh-water Olympic Swim Stadium, Helsingin Uimastadion.

The Netherlands had won the 1950 European Championship, after having placed fourth at the 1948 Olympics. Italy was the defending Olympic Champion, with the always strong Hungarians back. The first round groups were won by Italy, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Belgium. The Netherlands placed second to Yugoslavia in Group C, and would be eliminated in the semi-finals, eventually placing fifth. But it was controversial. In the semis, the Dutch team defeated the Yugoslavs, 3-2. However, Yugoslavia protested some referee’s decisions and the match was replayed, with Yugoslavia winning that match, 2-1, eliminating the Netherlands.

This original match was set up for a problem from the start. The referee was Belgian Fons Delahaye, a veteran who had officiated at the 1928 Olympics. Before the match Yugoslavia requested of FINA that he be removed, concerned that he would be biased towards the Dutch, but this was not done. After the Yugoslav protest the issue was heard by the FINA Water Polo Board, led by Dutchman Jans de Vries, who abstained from the meeting because it involved the Netherlands. The Board recommended to the Jury d’Appèl that the protest be denied, but the Jury d’Appèl decided otherwise and upheld the protest, requiring the match to be played again with another referee. The Dutch team considered withdrawing and returning home, but eventually elected to stay and play.

The final round came down to Hungary, Yugoslavia, Italy, and the United States. Hungary and Yugoslavia won both their matches in the round, and their semi-final tie was carried over, giving them identical final round records of 2 wins and 1 tie. But Hungary won the gold medal on goal differential, Yugoslavia taking silver. This would be the first of many Olympics in which Hungary and Yugoslavia would prove to be the two strongest teams in the world. They repeated their 1-2 finish in 1956, with Hungary winning medals through 1980, in a stretch of winning water polo medals at 12 consecutive Olympics, and Yugoslavia winning Olympic medals in 1964, 1968, 1980, 1984, and 1988, with gold medals in 1968, 1984, and 1988.

PosCompetitor(s)NOC
1HungaryHUNGold
Dezső GyarmatiLászló JeneyGyörgy VízváriKálmán MarkovitsAntal BolváriIstván Szívós, Sr.György KárpátiRóbert AntalDezső FábiánKároly SzittyaDezső LemhényiIstván HasznosMiklós Martin
2YugoslaviaYUGSilver
Zdravko-Ćiro KovačićVeljko BakašunIvo ŠtakulaIvo KurtiniBoško VuksanovićZdravko JežićLovro RadonićMarko BrajnovićVladimir Ivković
3ItalyITABronze
Raffaello GambinoEnzo PolitoCesare RubiniCarlo PerettiGildo ArenaMaurizio MannelliRenato De SanzuaneRenato TraiolaGeminio OgnioSalvatore GiontaLucio Ceccarini
4United StatesUSA
Harry BisbeyJim NorrisEdward JaworskiNorman LakeBill KooistraPete StangeBill DornblaserJack SpargoBob HughesMarvin Burns
5NetherlandsNED
Max van GelderGerrit BijlsmaNijs KorevaarCor BraasemFrits SmolRuud van FeggelenJoop Cabout
6BelgiumBEL
Théo-Léo De SmetAlphonse MartinJozef SmitsAndré LaurentMarcel HeyninckRoland SierensJohan Van Den SteenFrançois MaesschalckGeorges LeenheereJoseph Reynders
7Soviet UnionURS
Boris GoykhmanYevgeny SemyonovYury TeplovLev KokorinValentin ProkopovAleksandr LiferenkoP'et're MshvenieradzeYury ShlyapinVitaly UshakovAnatoly Yegorov
8SpainESP
Leandro Ribera AbadRicardo CondeJosep BazánRoberto QueraltAntonio SubiranaAgustín MestresJuan Luis AbellánFrancisco Castillo
=9Great BritainGBR
Ian JohnsonCharlie BrandJack JonesGerry WorsellRon TurnerTerry MillerJack FergusonDavid MurrayStan Hawkins
=9EgyptEGY
Ahmed Fouad NessimJack HakimSamir GharboTaha El-GamalOmar SabryAbdel Aziz KhalifaAbdel Aziz El-ShafeiDorri Abdel KaderGalal Abou El-KheirSalah Sha'rawi
=9SwedenSWE
Rune KällqvistErik HolmRoland SpångbergStig JohanssonArne JutnerHans HellbrandÅke JulinBo Larsson
=9South AfricaRSA
William AucampRon MeredithGerald GoddardDouglas MelvilleJohnnie van GentDes CohenSolly YachDennis Pappas
=13AustriaAUT
Jörg ReichelJulius DepaoliJohann LiebenbergerErich BohuslavRudolf StiskalikFranz ZigonHeinrich KrumpfholzErnst EndlAnton KunzHellmut Theimer
=13Unified Team of GermanyGER
Günter HeinePaul UellendahlErich SauermannWilfried BodeWilli SturmHeinz ZanderFerdinand PankeEmil BildsteinPhilipp Dotzer
=13ArgentinaARG
Luis DíezLadislao SzaboLuis NormandínMario SebastiánOsvaldo CodaroCarlos VisentínMarcelo Visentín
=13BrazilBRA
Claudino CastroMárvio dos SantosLucio FigueirêdoJoão HavelangeDouglas LimaHenrique MelmannEdson PerriSérgio RodríguesLeo RossiSamuel SchembergDaniel Sili
=17AustraliaAUS
Doug LaingRay SmeeJake FosterPeter BennettFrank JordanMalcolm HastieBill Orchard
=17IndiaIND
Birendra BasakDavid SopherKedar ShahIsaac MansoorSambhu SahaSachin NagKhamlillal ShahBijoy BarmanJehangir NaegamwallaRan Chandnani
=17MexicoMEX
Gustavo OlguínJuan TrejoArturo CosteManuel CastroJosé OlguínOtilio OlguínModesto Martínez
=17PortugalPOR
Máximo CoutoArmando MoutinhoFrancisco AlvesJoão Franco do ValeRodrigo Basto JuniorFernando MadeiraEduardo BarbeiroÓscar CabralJosé Manuel Correia
=17RomaniaROU
Zoltan NormanAtila KelemenAdalbert IordacheGavrila TörokZoltan HospodarOctavian IosimFrancisc ȘimonArcadie Sarcadi

Qualifying Round (25 – 26 July 1952)

Single-elimination.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1ItalyITA1002161
2EgyptEGY1002100
3HungaryHUN1002134
4YugoslaviaYUG1002102
=5Unified Team of GermanyGER100284
=5SwedenSWE100251
=7BelgiumBEL100265
=7SpainESP100232
=7Great BritainGBR100243
=7NetherlandsNED100232
11Soviet UnionURS1012143
12AustriaAUT101294
13South AfricaRSA101296
14BrazilBRA101285
15United StatesUSA101278
16RomaniaROU0020714
17MexicoMEX0020417
=18AustraliaAUS0020216
=18PortugalPOR0020216
20IndiaIND0020128

Match #1 HUN 13 – 4MEX
Match #2 EGY 10 – 0POR
Match #3 GER 8 – 4ROU
Match #4 BEL 6 – 5RSA
Match #5 YUG 10 – 2AUS
Match #6 ITA 16 – 1IND
Match #7 ESP 3 – 2BRA
Match #8 GBR 4 – 3AUT
Match #9 SWE 5 – 1USA
Match #10 NED 3 – 2URS
Match #11 ARG Bye
Match #12 AUT 6 – 0AUS
Match #13 URS 12 – 0IND
Match #14 RSA 4 – 0MEX
Match #15 BRA 6 – 2POR
Match #16 USA 6 – 3ROU

Preliminary Round (26 July – 1 August 1952)

Group A (26 – 29 July 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1ItalyITA3006178
2United StatesUSA2014169
3Great BritainGBR0121915
4AustriaAUT0121515

Match #1 ITA 4 – 3GBR
Match #2 ITA 8 – 1AUT
Match #3 USA 8 – 3GBR
Match #4 ITA 5 – 4USA
Match #5 AUT 3 – 3GBR
Match #6 USA 4 – 1AUT

Group B (26 – 29 July 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1HungaryHUN3006234
2Soviet UnionURS2014129
3EgyptEGY1022714
4Unified Team of GermanyGER0030520

Match #1 HUN 9 – 0EGY
Match #2 HUN 5 – 3URS
Match #3 EGY 5 – 2GER
Match #4 HUN 9 – 1GER
Match #5 URS 3 – 2EGY
Match #6 URS 6 – 2GER

Group C (26 July – 1 August 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1YugoslaviaYUG3016226
2NetherlandsNED3016208
3SwedenSWE1022918
4ArgentinaARG0030625

Match #1 NED 9 – 3ARG
Match #2 YUG 9 – 1ARG
Match #3 NED 7 – 1SWE
Match #4 SWE 7 – 2ARG
Match #5 1 NED 23 – 2YUG
Match #6 YUG 9 – 1SWE
Match #7 3 YUG 42 – 1NED

Group D (26 – 29 July 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1BelgiumBEL3006125
2SpainESP20141310
3South AfricaRSA1022109
4BrazilBRA0030718

Match #1 BEL 5 – 4ESP
Match #2 BEL 3 – 1BRA
Match #3 ESP 3 – 1RSA
Match #4 BEL 4 – 0RSA
Match #5 ESP 6 – 4BRA
Match #6 RSA 9 – 2BRA

Classification Round 5-8 (1 – 2 August 1952)

Classification matches.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1NetherlandsNED30061665
2BelgiumBEL111311126
3Soviet UnionURS11139107
4SpainESP00308168

Match #1 NED 5 – 3BEL
Match #2 URS 4 – 3ESP
Match #3 NED 7 – 1ESP
Match #4 URS 3 – 3BEL

Semi-Finals (30 July 1952)

Group A (30 July 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1ItalyITA30061269
2United StatesUSA2014141110
3BelgiumBEL102281311
4SpainESP003091312

Match #1 ITA 5 – 1BEL
Match #2 ITA 2 – 1ESP
Match #3 USA 4 – 2BEL
Match #4 USA 6 – 4ESP

Group B (30 July 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1HungaryHUN120411913
2YugoslaviaYUG12047614
3NetherlandsNED11139815
4Soviet UnionURS012181216

Match #1 YUG 2 – 2HUN
Match #2 NED 4 – 4HUN
Match #3 URS 3 – 3YUG
Match #4 NED 4 – 2URS

Final Round (1 – 2 August 1952)

Round-robin pool.

PosCompetitor(s)NOCWinsTiesLossesPointsGoals ForGA
1HungaryHUN210513417
2YugoslaviaYUG21059518
3ItalyITA102281419
4United StatesUSA003061320

Match #1 HUN 7 – 2ITA
Match #2 YUG 4 – 2USA
Match #3 HUN 4 – 0USA
Match #4 YUG 3 – 1ITA