Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Dates 12 – 21 August 2016
Medal Events 47

Controversy enveloped the 2016 Olympic athletics competition as far back as late 2015. At that time a German television network released a documentary alleging systematic doping in Russia. After investigations by the IAAF, the entire Russian athletic team was suspended from international competition early in 2016. Then, only a few weeks before the Rio Olympics began, an independent report commissioned by WADA, the McLaren Report, corroborated these findings, and many Russian athletes in other sports, notably rowing, were also suspended. The IOC had to quickly rule on this report, and supported it, but allowed some individual Russian athletes to compete after they had been cleared by their federations. For the Russians track & field athletes, this would be only one competitor, female long jumper Darya Klishina, who had lived and trained in the United States for the past few years and had been subjected to multiple drug tests.

With this negative background the biggest positive story of Rio athletics was Jamaican wunder-sprinter Usain Bolt, who was trying to win his third consecutive sprint triple with golds in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4x100 metre relay. It was a quest at which he would be successful in Rio, giving him nine Olympic gold medals, equaling the Olympic record for athletics held by Paavo Nurmi and Carl Lewis (trailing the 10 of Ray Ewry if one includes the 1906 Olympics).

Three world records were set in Rio, two by women and one in men’s competition. Ethiopian Almaz Ayana shattered the women’s world mark in the 10,000 metres, Poland’s Anita Włodarczyk broke her own world record in the hammer throw, and South African Wayde van Niekerk broke Michael Johnson’s 17-year old mark in the men’s 400 metres.

The United States would dominate the athletics competition in Rio, winning 32 medals, 16 by the men and 16 by the women. They also led the gold medal lists, winning 13 gold, 7 by men, and 6 by women. Such was their dominance that they also had the most silver medals and bronze medals for both genders, leading the medal tables in every possible category. Since the advent of women’s Olympic competition in 1928, this had only previously been accomplished at the 1932 Olympics.

Events

Event Status Date Participants NOCs
100 metres, Men Olympic 13 – 14 August 2016 84 57
200 metres, Men Olympic 16 – 18 August 2016 77 48
400 metres, Men Olympic 12 – 14 August 2016 53 35
800 metres, Men Olympic 12 – 15 August 2016 57 39
1,500 metres, Men Olympic 16 – 20 August 2016 42 26
5,000 metres, Men Olympic 17 – 20 August 2016 51 28
10,000 metres, Men Olympic 13 August 2016 34 16
Marathon, Men Olympic 21 August 2016 155 79
110 metres Hurdles, Men Olympic 15 – 16 August 2016 40 27
400 metres Hurdles, Men Olympic 15 – 18 August 2016 47 33
3,000 metres Steeplechase, Men Olympic 15 – 17 August 2016 45 25
4 x 100 metres Relay, Men Olympic 18 – 19 August 2016 70 16
4 x 400 metres Relay, Men Olympic 19 – 20 August 2016 68 16
20 kilometres Race Walk, Men Olympic 12 August 2016 74 40
50 kilometres Race Walk, Men Olympic 19 August 2016 80 39
High Jump, Men Olympic 14 – 16 August 2016 44 28
Pole Vault, Men Olympic 13 – 15 August 2016 31 16
Long Jump, Men Olympic 12 – 13 August 2016 32 23
Triple Jump, Men Olympic 15 – 16 August 2016 47 35
Shot Put, Men Olympic 18 August 2016 34 24
Discus Throw, Men Olympic 12 – 13 August 2016 35 24
Hammer Throw, Men Olympic 17 – 19 August 2016 32 24
Javelin Throw, Men Olympic 17 – 20 August 2016 37 23
Decathlon, Men Olympic 17 – 18 August 2016 32 21
100 metres, Women Olympic 12 – 13 August 2016 80 56
200 metres, Women Olympic 15 – 17 August 2016 72 49
400 metres, Women Olympic 13 – 15 August 2016 57 36
800 metres, Women Olympic 17 – 20 August 2016 65 45
1,500 metres, Women Olympic 12 – 16 August 2016 41 24
5,000 metres, Women Olympic 16 – 19 August 2016 33 18
10,000 metres, Women Olympic 12 August 2016 37 24
Marathon, Women Olympic 14 August 2016 156 80
100 metres Hurdles, Women Olympic 16 – 17 August 2016 47 33
400 metres Hurdles, Women Olympic 15 – 18 August 2016 48 33
3,000 metres Steeplechase, Women Olympic 13 – 15 August 2016 52 32
4 x 100 metres Relay, Women Olympic 18 – 19 August 2016 67 16
4 x 400 metres Relay, Women Olympic 19 – 20 August 2016 69 16
20 kilometres Race Walk, Women Olympic 19 August 2016 74 34
High Jump, Women Olympic 18 – 20 August 2016 35 26
Pole Vault, Women Olympic 16 – 19 August 2016 36 23
Long Jump, Women Olympic 16 – 17 August 2016 38 26
Triple Jump, Women Olympic 13 – 14 August 2016 37 25
Shot Put, Women Olympic 12 August 2016 36 25
Discus Throw, Women Olympic 15 – 16 August 2016 34 23
Hammer Throw, Women Olympic 12 – 15 August 2016 32 19
Javelin Throw, Women Olympic 16 – 18 August 2016 31 20
Heptathlon, Women Olympic 12 – 13 August 2016 31 21
2270 (1186/1084) 200 (198/185)

Medals

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres, Men Usain BoltJAM Justin GatlinUSA Andre De GrasseCAN
200 metres, Men Usain BoltJAM Andre De GrasseCAN Christophe LemaitreFRA
400 metres, Men Wayde van NiekerkRSA Kirani JamesGRN LaShawn MerrittUSA
800 metres, Men David RudishaKEN Taoufik MakhloufiALG Clayton MurphyUSA
1,500 metres, Men Matthew CentrowitzUSA Taoufik MakhloufiALG Nick WillisNZL
5,000 metres, Men Mo FarahGBR Paul ChelimoUSA Hagos GebrhiwetETH
10,000 metres, Men Mo FarahGBR Paul TanuiKEN Tamirat TolaETH
Marathon, Men Eliud KipchogeKEN Feyisa LilesaETH Galen RuppUSA
110 metres Hurdles, Men Omar McLeodJAM Orlando OrtegaESP Dimitri BascouFRA
400 metres Hurdles, Men Kerron ClementUSA Boniface TumutiKEN Yasmani CopelloTUR
3,000 metres Steeplechase, Men Conseslus KiprutoKEN Evan JagerUSA Mahiedine Mekhissi-BenabbadFRA
4 × 100 metres Relay, Men JamaicaJAM JapanJPN CanadaCAN
4 × 400 metres Relay, Men United StatesUSA JamaicaJAM The BahamasBAH
20 kilometres Race Walk, Men Wang ZhenCHN Cai ZelinCHN Dane Bird-SmithAUS
50 kilometres Race Walk, Men Matej TóthSVK Jared TallentAUS Hirooki AraiJPN
High Jump, Men Derek DrouinCAN Mutaz Essa BarshimQAT Bohdan BondarenkoUKR
Pole Vault, Men Thiago BrazBRA Renaud LavillenieFRA Sam KendricksUSA
Long Jump, Men Jeff HendersonUSA Luvo ManyongaRSA Greg RutherfordGBR
Triple Jump, Men Christian TaylorUSA Will ClayeUSA Dong BinCHN
Shot Put, Men Ryan CrouserUSA Joe KovacsUSA Tom WalshNZL
Discus Throw, Men Christoph HartingGER Piotr MałachowskiPOL Daniel JasinskiGER
Hammer Throw, Men Dilshod NazarovTJK Ivan TsikhanBLR Wojciech NowickiPOL
Javelin Throw, Men Thomas RöhlerGER Julius YegoKEN Keshorn WalcottTTO
Decathlon, Men Ashton EatonUSA Kévin MayerFRA Damian WarnerCAN
100 metres, Women Elaine ThompsonJAM Tori BowieUSA Shelly-Ann Fraser-PryceJAM
200 metres, Women Elaine ThompsonJAM Dafne SchippersNED Tori BowieUSA
400 metres, Women Shaunae MillerBAH Allyson FelixUSA Shericka JacksonJAM
800 metres, Women Caster SemenyaRSA Francine NiyonsabaBDI Margaret WambuiKEN
1,500 metres, Women Faith KipyegonKEN Genzebe DibabaETH Jenny SimpsonUSA
5,000 metres, Women Vivian CheruiyotKEN Hellen ObiriKEN Almaz AyanaETH
10,000 metres, Women Almaz AyanaETH Vivian CheruiyotKEN Tirunesh DibabaETH
Marathon, Women Jemima SumgongKEN Eunice KirwaBRN Mare DibabaETH
100 metres Hurdles, Women Brianna RollinsUSA Nia AliUSA Kristi CastlinUSA
400 metres Hurdles, Women Dalilah MuhammadUSA Sara Slott PetersenDEN Ashley SpencerUSA
3,000 metres Steeplechase, Women Ruth JebetBRN Hyvin KiyengKEN Emma CoburnUSA
4 × 100 metres Relay, Women United StatesUSA JamaicaJAM Great BritainGBR
4 × 400 metres Relay, Women United StatesUSA JamaicaJAM Great BritainGBR
20 kilometres Race Walk, Women Liu HongCHN María Guadalupe GonzálezMEX Lu XiuzhiCHN
High Jump, Women Ruth BeitíaESP Mirela DemirevaBUL Blanka VlašićCRO
Pole Vault, Women Ekaterini StefanidiGRE Sandi MorrisUSA Eliza McCartneyNZL
Long Jump, Women Tianna BartolettaUSA Brittney ReeseUSA Ivana ŠpanovićSRB
Triple Jump, Women Caterine IbargüenCOL Yulimar RojasVEN Olga RypakovaKAZ
Shot Put, Women Michelle CarterUSA Valerie AdamsNZL Anita MártonHUN
Discus Throw, Women Sandra PerkovićCRO Mélina Robert-MichonFRA Denia CaballeroCUB
Hammer Throw, Women Anita WłodarczykPOL Zhang WenxiuCHN Sophie HitchonGBR
Javelin Throw, Women Sara KolakCRO Sunette ViljoenRSA Barbora ŠpotákováCZE
Heptathlon, Women Nafi ThiamBEL Jessica Ennis-HillGBR Brianne Theisen-EatonCAN

Medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 13 10 9 32
Kenya KEN 6 6 1 13
Jamaica JAM 6 3 2 11
People's Republic of China CHN 2 2 2 6
South Africa RSA 2 2 0 4
Great Britain GBR 2 1 4 7
Croatia CRO 2 0 1 3
Germany GER 2 0 1 3
Ethiopia ETH 1 2 5 8
Canada CAN 1 1 4 6
Poland POL 1 1 1 3
Bahrain BRN 1 1 0 2
Spain ESP 1 1 0 2
The Bahamas BAH 1 0 1 2
Belgium BEL 1 0 0 1
Brazil BRA 1 0 0 1
Colombia COL 1 0 0 1
Greece GRE 1 0 0 1
Slovakia SVK 1 0 0 1
Tajikistan TJK 1 0 0 1
France FRA 0 3 3 6
Algeria ALG 0 2 0 2
New Zealand NZL 0 1 3 4
Australia AUS 0 1 1 2
Japan JPN 0 1 1 2
Belarus BLR 0 1 0 1
Bulgaria BUL 0 1 0 1
Burundi BDI 0 1 0 1
Denmark DEN 0 1 0 1
Grenada GRN 0 1 0 1
Mexico MEX 0 1 0 1
Netherlands NED 0 1 0 1
Qatar QAT 0 1 0 1
Venezuela VEN 0 1 0 1
Cuba CUB 0 0 1 1
Czech Republic CZE 0 0 1 1
Hungary HUN 0 0 1 1
Kazakhstan KAZ 0 0 1 1
Serbia SRB 0 0 1 1
Trinidad and Tobago TTO 0 0 1 1
Türkiye TUR 0 0 1 1
Ukraine UKR 0 0 1 1